Guide to the Moses Cone Estate Collection, 1905 - 1945

Summary Information

Title: Moses Cone Estate Collection, 1905 - 1945
Collection: AC.132
Extent: 0.5 linear feet (1 box)

The Moses Cone Estate Collection is made up chiefly of correspondence concerning the operation of the Moses Cone Estate near Blowing Rock, North Carolina, especially its work in the raising of Shropshire sheep. Estate manager was A. C. Moody, and much of the materials relate to his work.

Creator: Moses Cone Estate

Biographical/Historical Note

The Moses Cone Estate, originally known as the Flat Top Manor, was designed as the mountain vacation home of Moses and Bertha Lindau Cone. Moses Cone was the eldest child of Herman and Helen Guggenheimer Cone, German Jewish immigrant who built a thriving family-owned wholesale grocery business. Although born in Jonesborough, Tennessee, Moses was raised in Baltimore, Maryland within the Jewish community. His parents had eleven additional children, Ceasar, Albert (died at 3 months), Etta, Dr. Claribel, Clarence, Carrie, Dr. Sydney, Julius, Bernard, Solomon, Frederick, Monroe. Herman Sr., Moses, Ceasar and Monroe incorporated into H. Cone and Sons. Later in life, they became textile industrialists. The brothers established the Cone Export and Commission Company in 1890. Five years latter, they built their first cotton mill, Proximity, in Greensboro, North Carolina. Moses married the former Bertha Lindau and Ceasar married the former Jeannette Siegel. Moses and Bertha Cone were the owners of the 3,500 acre Flat Top Manor, currently known as the Moses Cone Estate near Blowing Rock, North Carolina.

The Cones had tenant employees and raised sheep for market. After Moses' death in 1908, Bertha took control of the Flat Top Manor business. She and her sisters lived at the manor during the summer months and at the Baltimore, Maryland home of her sister Sophie during the winter months. The Cones were childless and Mrs. Cone willed the estate to the Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital in Greensboro. In 1949, the hospital board donated the property to the National Park Service. The estate was named The Moses H. Cone Memorial Park and is managed by the Blue Ridge Parkway, a unit of the National Park System.

Arthur C. Moody worked as the estate manager. His family consisted of wife Marticia Estes and children Comie, Ivan, and Reece.

Scope and Contents

The collection includes letters to A.C. Moody, letters to Bertha Cone, Moody family letters, and estate business letters. They are organized alphabetically. The bills are all connected to the estate operations and the ledgers include a photocopied Cone Estate Ledger Book, December 1905 - December 1908 and two time books, October 1925 - February 1939. Assorted correspondence includes Christmas cards, a small copy of the Gospel of Luke, and advertisements for agricultural products. Materials range in date from 1905 to 1945.


The collection is arranged in two series, Correspondence and Financial. Both series are arranged alphabetically.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research without restriction in the Dougherty Reading Room.

Acquisitions Information

Provenance is unknown. This collection was opened to the public on July 31, 2002.

Processing Information

Processed by Deborah Bell, Kathryn Staley, 1994, July 31, 2002; Encoded by Kathryn Staley, June 2005; Revised by Trevor McKenzie, November 2012. This collection was reprocessed as part of a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The grant funded extensive processing of the backlog within the W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection between 2012 and 2014.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], AC.132: Moses Cone Estate Collection, W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA.

Container List

Series I: Correspondence, 1915-1945, undated

Series Description: Correspondence Series contains Bertha Cone's orders to estate manager A.C. Moody, organized by addressee by date. Particular of dealing with stray dogs who killed sheep, alfalfa crop, requesting mink furs, deer hunters on land, asks why local children didn't attend the Sandy Flat School, which the Cones supported, employee relations. Also contains business letters regarding orders and request by W. L. Winkler to receive refund of deceased cow. Moody family correspondence includes personal activities, brief discussion of race relations. Moody daughter Connie lived in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Daughter Shirley in Wilmington, North Carolina.

Assorted Correspondence, 1916-1936, undated 

Box 1.1
Correspondence to Bertha Cone, 1915-1918  Box 1.2

Correspondence to A. C. Moody, 1918-1944 

Box 1.3

Correspondence to Moody family, 1944-1945, undated 

Box 1.4

Series II: Financial, 1916-1945

Series Description: Bills Series contains A.C. Moody's bank statements, returned checks and bills, organized by date. Many bills appear to relate to his work at the Cone Estate.

Bills to A.C. Moody, 1918-1945 

Box 1.5
Estate Ledger (photocopy), 1905-1908  Box 1.6
A.C. Moody Bank Statements, 1918-1939   
Time Books, 1925-1941