Guide to the National Committee for the New River Records, circa 1912-2004, undated

Summary Information

Title: National Committee for the New River Records, circa 1912-2004, undated
Collection: AC.211
Extent: 24.01 linear feet (38 boxes, 1 half-sized manuscript box, 1 oversize box, 1 folder in cold storage, 1 oversize folder)
Abstract:

The National Committee for the New River Records consists of the papers of the National Committee for the New River and its members regarding its successful effort to stop construction of two American Electric Power Company hydroelectric power dams on the New River. The collection includes correspondence, newspaper clippings, transcripts of Congressional testimonies and hearings, court filings and miscellaneous information, dated from 1962 to 1976. Historical research materials date to 1912. The materials chronicle the efforts of the National Committee for the New River, the State of North Carolina, Congressional leaders, and others to prevent the American Electric Power Company from proceeding with their dam project.

Creator: National Committee for the New River

Biographical/Historical Note

The National Committee for the New River was founded in 1975 by concerned citizens who struggled to prevent the American Electric Power Company from building two hydroelectric power dams in northwestern North Carolina and southwestern Virginia. A formal organization with a board of directors, the National Committee for the New River had grassroots appeal.

The New River is believed to be the oldest river in North America and is older than the Appalachian Mountains. Geologists believe that it is a descendant of the Teays River, the major waterway of North America until the Ice Age. The New River flows northward, opposite of most rivers in the region. Beginning in Watauga and Ashe County, North Carolina, two forks named the North Fork and the South Fork. The forks join in Twin Rivers in Ashe County and runs through southwestern Virginia into West Virginia. The New River Gorge, a stretch of white water in the eastern United States, is located in West Virginia. In central West Virginia, the New River joins the Gauley River to form the Kanawha River, which empties into the Ohio River.

In June, 1962, the Appalachian Power Company (APCO), a subsidiary of the American Electric Power Company located in Roanoke, Virginia, applied to the Federal Power Commission to study a site in Grayson County, Virginia for a potential hydroelectric dam on the New River. This proposed dam was planned to provide peak load electricity for New York City. After hearings with the Federal Power Commission, APCO was required to created larger reservoirs for the use of stored water to dilute downstream pollution. The revised plan involved larger dams and a 650,000 acre foot reservoir, which would have flooded 40,000 acres of farm land in northern Ashe County and southern Grayson County. APCO argued that the dam would provide recreational benefits and employment. APCO estimated a 25 year life expectancy of the dam before it would have silted out.

By 1969, North Carolina state government began objecting to the drawndown but not to the Blue Ridge Project as a whole. The FPC continues to hear and license APCO proposals. In 1974, North Carolina objects to the project on the grounds that it would not provide recreational benefits, public need for the preservation of rivers, and APCO's failure to explore alternative sites. Soon afterwards, North Carolina government officials, such as Senator Jesse Helms, Representative Steve Neal, Governor Holhouser, Rufus Edminsten, and Senator Sam Ervin, begin writing bills to block APCO's ability to build the New River dam. Virginia and West Virginia politicans continued to support the construction

The National Committee for the New River was founded in 1975 by concerned citizens who struggled to prevent the American Electric Power Company from building two hydroelectric power dams in northwestern North Carolina and southwestern Virginia. A formal organization with a board of directors, the National Committee for the New River had grassroots appeal.

The New River is believed to be the oldest river in North America and is older than the Appalachian Mountains. Geologists believe that it is a descendant of the Teays River, the major waterway of North America until the Ice Age. The New River flows northward, opposite of most rivers in the region. Beginning in Watauga and Ashe County, North Carolina, two forks named the North Fork and the South Fork. The forks join in Twin Rivers in Ashe County and runs through southwestern Virginia into West Virginia. The New River Gorge, a stretch of white water in the eastern United States, is located in West Virginia. In central West Virginia, the New River joins the Gauley River to form the Kanawha River, which empties into the Ohio River.

In June, 1962, the Appalachian Power Company (APCO), a subsidiary of the American Electric Power Company located in Roanoke, Virginia, applied to the Federal Power Commission to study a site in Grayson County, Virginia for a potential hydroelectric dam on the New River. This proposed dam was planned to provide peak load electricity for New York City. After hearings with the Federal Power Commission, APCO was required to created larger reservoirs for the use of stored water to dilute downstream pollution. The revised plan involved larger dams and a 650,000 acre foot reservoir, which would have flooded 40,000 acres of farm land in northern Ashe County and southern Grayson County. APCO argued that the dam would provide recreational benefits and employment. APCO estimated a 25 year life expectancy of the dam before it would have silted out.

By 1969, North Carolina state government began objecting to the drawndown but not to the Blue Ridge Project as a whole. The FPC continues to hear and license APCO proposals. In 1974, North Carolina objects to the project on the grounds that it would not provide recreational benefits, public need for the preservation of rivers, and APCO's failure to explore alternative sites. Soon afterwards, North Carolina government officials, such as Senator Jesse Helms, Representative Steve Neal, Governor James Holhouser, Rufus Edminsten, and Senator Sam Ervin, began writing bills to block APCO's ability to build the New River dam. Virginia and West Virginia politicans continued to support the construction.

In January 1975, group of concerned citizens met in Raleigh, North Carolina because no Ashe County, North Carolina site was considered safe politically or physcially. The group consisted of members from West Virginia's Coalition to Save the New River and Virginia's Committee to Save the New River as well as North Carolinians and named themselves the National Committee for the New River. The board of directors is composed of the boards of the three state committees and contains representatives from the affiliates. The first president was Hamilton C. Horton, Jr., a Winston-Salem, North Carolina attorney, businessman and former state senator. Legal Counselors were John C. Curry. Its allies included the Izaak Walton League, Sierra Club, National Wildlife Federation, and the Wilderness Society.

The National Committee for the New River diligently worked to stop construction through the courts. Members testified in Congressional hearings, held bumper sticker and letter writing campaigns, conducted community meetings. Many influential individuals also assisted the organization in Congress, the North Carolina General Assembly and the media. Also, several members had national contacts. The connections of Wallace Carroll, the director of NCNR, led to over a hundred editorials supporting the NCNR's stance. Lawyer Floyd Crouse was the college roommate of Senator Sam Ervin, Jr.

In 1976, President Ford signed a law which made a portion of the New River a Scenic River; thereby, preventing the construction of the dams. As a result, the committee won one of the only citizen-led efforts against a large corporation.

Biographical Note

Following the death of Alleghany County attorney R. Floyd Crouse in March 1969, Edmund Ivan Adams represented both the Ashe and Alleghany County, North Carolina, Boards of Commissioners in the dispute over the Blue Ridge Project before the Federal Power Commission.

Adams was born in Danielsville, Madison County, Georgia in 1933 and studied at Emory University and the University of Georgia, where he earned his LL.B. in 1956. He was Assistant Solicitor for the Forsyth County, North Carolina, Superior Court from October 1962 through January 1965. In 1969 he moved his practice from Winston-Salem to Sparta, NC, and continued the work R.F. Crouse began in the fight against Appalachian Power Company's proposed Blue Ridge Project. As county Attorney, Adams served on the Alleghany County Board of Commissioners as well as on several New River committees, including the Northwest Environmental Preservation Committee, Board of Directors; the Izaak Walton League of America, New River Chapter, First Vice President; Committee for the New River, First Vice President; and the National Committee for the New River (NCNR), Board of Directors. His work for these organizations and agencies put him in contact with numerous senators, among them Sam Ervin, Jr., Jesse Helms, and Robert Morgan. Adams continues to practice law in Sparta.

Wallace Carroll (1906-2002), the former publisher of the Winston-Salem Journal, was the director of NCNR in the 1970s. Carroll was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and graduated from Marquette University. He was a foreign correspondent with United Press International during World War II. In the early 1940s, he became the director of the U.S. Office of War Information in London. His 1948 book, "Persuade or Perish", detailed his work in which he advised General Dwight D. Eisenhower on psychological warfare. He reported for the Winston-Salem Journal from 1949 to 1955, winning the Pulitzer Prize. He then worked for the Washington bureau of the New York Times. In 1963, he returned to Winston-Salem as the publisher for the paper. He retired in 1973 and had a home in Alleghany County, near the New River. He was a member of the NCNR board of directors from its inception. Carroll asked his collegues in the newspaper world to print news stories and editorials about the dam issue. As a result, over 150 pro-NCNR editorials were written throughout the nation.

Carroll is the husband of Margaret "Peggy" Carroll (1932-2001), who was also involved in the NCNR. Carroll graduated from Vassar College in 1934. Afterwards, she worked as an economist at the Bureau of Labor Statistics in Washington and later the International Labor Office in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1938, she married Carroll and became active in civic affairs, such as the Parent Teachers Association, League of Women Voters, and the National Committee for the New River. In the late 1970s, she researched the NCNR struggle against the American Power Company's attempt to dam the New River in hopes of writing a book.

 

Scope and Contents

The National Committee for the New River Records includes correspondence, newspaper clippings, Congressional hearings, court filings, notes from interviews, and miscellaneous information, dated from 1912 to 1976. Much of it originated from Ed Adams, the legal counselor for Ashe County, North Carolina. This material is primarily of a legal nature and contains little information about the grassroots nature of the organization, although shrough the correspondence of the New River committee, one can follow its enthusiastic efforts to defeat the New River Dam Project.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into four series: Series I: Dam Fight; Series II: Edmund I. Adams; Series III: Peggy Carroll Papers; and Series IV: Oversize Materials.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for use in the Dougherty Reading Room without restrictions. An appointment for research is recommended. The Dougherty Reading Room is located on the 4th floor of Belk Library in Special Collections. Written consent for duplication of documents and photographs must be obtained from the Committee. Photographs in cold storage require at least 24 hours notice prior to use.

Acquisitions Information

The National Committee for the New River donated this collection to the W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection on 6 January 2004. Six compact discs titled "New River Reunion 2001" were transferred to this collection from the Appalachian Collection's audio collection on 10 February 2005. The accession number is AC.2004.001.

Processing Information

Processed by Kathryn Staley, 2004 with help from student assistants: Patrick Diante, Eddie Huffman, Simms Toomey, Rosemary Ulrey. Encoded by Kathryn Staley, June, 2004; Revision by Anita Elliott, February 2013. This collection was reprocessed as part of a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The grant funded extensive processing of the backlog within the W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection between 2012 and 2014.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], AC.211: National Committee for the New River Records, W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA.

Container List

Series I: Dam Fight, 1943-2004, undated 

Series Description

Series I: Dam Fight follows the push to defeat the Appalachian Power Company's proposal for two dams which would affect farmlands and businesses in Virginia and North Carolina. Correspondence, Congressional hearings, bills, and other documents, publications and news releases, and reports, surveys, and debates show the support and some arguments for the proposed dams. This series also contains artifacts, photos, and music from the 25th Anniversary Celebration of the New River on September 8, 2001. The titles of the subseries are self-explanatory.

Subseries A: Correspondence

Correspondence, May 1971-November 1973 Box 1.1
Correspondence, January-May 1974  Box 1.2
Correspondence, June-December 1974  Box 1.3
Correspondence, January-April 1975  Box 1.4
Correspondence, May-August 1975  Box 1.5
Correspondence, September-December 1975  Box 1.6
Correspondence, January 1-15, 1976  Box 1.7
Correspondence, January 16-31, 1976  Box 1.8
Correspondence, February 1-9, 1976  Box 1.9
Correspondence, February 10-28, 1976  Box 2.1
Correspondence, March-April 15, 1976 Box 2.2
Correspondence, April 16-May 15, 1976  Box 2.3
Correspondence, May 16-June 30, 1976  Box 2.4
Correspondence, July 1976  Box 2.5
Correspondence, August-December 1976  Box 2.6
Correspondence, January 1977-January 2002  Box 2.7
Correspondence, undated  Box 2.8
Ephemera, Dam Fight, undated  Box 2.9
Memorandums, Various Organizations, 1974-1992, undated  Box 3.1
Photos, b&w, Eight (8) 8"x10" and one (1) 5"x7" photos of the New River and Persons Enjoying, undated  Box 3.2

 

Subseries B: Federal Power Commission

Amendment of License, by Appalachian Power Company re: Claytor Hydroelectric Project No. 739, 1943-1993  Box 3.3
Appeal, from the Federal Power Commission, Brief No. 74-1941, 1974  Box 3.4
Brief, for Intervenor Appalachian Power Company, No. 74-1941, April 21, 1975  Box 3.5
Brief, re: Project No. 2317, March 9, 1971  Box 3.6
Briefs, re: Project No. 2317, April-September 1971 Box 3.7
Briefs, re: Project No. 2317, 1973  Box 3.8
Briefs, re: Project No. 2317, February-March 1974  Box 3.9
Comments/Responses, to Draft Environmental Impact Statement, April 1971  Box 4.1
Comments/Responses, to Final Environmental Impact Statement, Project No. 2317, 1973-1974  Box 4.2

Court Orders, re: Project No. 2317, 1970-1976 

Box 4.3

Decision, Additional Supplemental Initial Decision-Blue Ridge Project License Application, January 23, 1974 

Box 4.4

Decision, Presiding Examiner's Initial Decision upon Application for Blue Ridge Hydroelectric and Pumped Storage Project License, (issued) October 1, 1969 

Box 4.5
Decision, Presiding Examiner's Supplemental Initial Decision upon Remand-Blue Ridge Project License Application, (issued) June 21, 1971  Box 4.6
Ephemera, Federal Power Commission, 1968-1979, undated  Box 4.7
Motions, Various, Project No. 2317, 1970-1972, undated  Box 4.8
Motions, Various, Project No. 2317, 1973-1976  Box 4.9
Opinions and Orders, re: Project No. 2317, 1974  Box 4.10
Oral Argument, of Grayson County, Virginia, December 21, 1970  Box 4.11

Oral Argument, Proceeding in Project No. 2317-Appalachian Power Company, November 11, 1971 

Box 5.1
Papers Filed, U.S. Court of Appeals, Docket Nos. 72-1941 and 75-1941, ca. 1974-1975 Box 5.2
Petitions for Rehearing, re: Project No. 2317, 1974  Box 5.3
Petition for Review, of an Order of the Federal Power Commission No. 74-1941, October 23, 1975  Box 5.4
Petition, for Writ of Certiorari, October 1975 Box 5.5
Response, to Supplemental Brief on the Issue of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, U.S. District Court No. c-74-391-W, January 1975  Box 5.6
Statement of Counsel, for Applicant presented at Hearing Conference before Presiding Examiner, FPC Project no. 2317, May 15, 1968  Box 5.7
Statement, Federal Power Commission's DRAFT Environmental Statement, Project No. 2317, January 1973  Box 5.8
Statement, Federal Power commission's DRAFT Environmental Statement, Project No. 2317, (Copy 2), January 1973  Box 5.9
Statement, FINAL Environmental Impact Statement No. 2317, June 1973  Box 6.1
Statement, Partial FINAL Environmental Impact Statement No. 2317, June 1973 Box 6.2

 

Subseries C: Testimony

Confirmation Hearing, for Stanley K. Hathaway to be Secretary of the Interior, April 1975  Box 6.3
Hearing and Testimonies, re: S. 158, Wild and Scenic River Designation for the New River in North Carolina, (Speakers A-G), May 1976 Box 6.4
Hearing and Testimonies, re: S. 158, Wild and Scenic River Designation for the New River in North Carolina, (Speakers H-M), May 1976 Box 6.5
Hearing and Testimonies, re: S. 158, Wild and Scenic River Designation for the New River in North Carolina, (Speakers N-Z), May 1976 Box 6.6
Hearing and Testimonies, re: H.R. 12958 and H.R. 13372-New River, by Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, (Speakers A-C), May-July 1976 Box 6.7
Hearing and Testimonies, re: H.R. 12958 and H.R. 13372-New River, by Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, (Speakers D-L), May-July 1976 Box 6.8
Hearing and Testimonies, re: H.R. 12958 and H.R. 13372-New River, by Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, (Speakers M-S), May-July 1976 Box 7.1
Hearing and Testimonies, re: H.R. 12958 and H.R. 13372-New River, by Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, (Speakers T-Z), May-July 1976 Box 7.2
Notes, Handwritten, Meetings, etc., 1976, undated Box 7.3
Open Hearing and Testimonies, Subcommittee on Public Lands of the Senate Committee on Interion & Insular Affairs, re: S.2439, (Speakers A-D), February 7, 1974 Box 7.4
Open Hearing and Testimonies, Subcommittee on Public Lands of the Senate Committee on Interion & Insular Affairs, re: S.2439, (Speakers E-Z), February 7, 1974 Box 7.5
Report, Blue Ridge Hydroelectric Power Project-Part 1-Hearing before the Committee on Public Works, U.S. Senate, 91st Congress, April 14, 1970 Box 7.6
Report, Bluestone Lake Project, West Virginia, June 1971 Box 7.7
Report, To Amend the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act-Part 2- Hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, U.S. Senate, 93rd Congress, February 7, 1974 Box 7.8
Statement, of R.F. Crouse, Attny for Alleghany and Ashe Counties Boards of Commissioners, ca. 1965 Box 7.9
Statement, A. Joseph Dowd on Behalf of Appalachian Power Company, April 14, 1970 Box 7.10
Statement, Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr. before the Senate Public Works Subcommittee on Water Resources, November 30, 1973 Box 7.11
Statement, Senator Jesse Helms before the Senate Public Works Committee, re: H.R. 10203, 1973 Box 7.12
Statement, unnamed House of Representative for Alleghany and Ashe Counties, re: Blue Ridge Power Project, ca. 1970 Box 7.13
Statement, John N. Nassikas, Chairman, Federal Power Commission, March 7, 1972 Box 7.14
Statement, Senator Jennings Randolph, Chairman, Senate Committee on Public Works, April 14, 1970 Box 7.15
Statement, Col. Maurice D. Roush, District Engineer of Huntington U.S. Army District, January 27, 1970 Box 7.16
Statement, James R. Smith, Assistant Secretary for Water and Power Development, April 14, 1970 Box 8.1
Statement and Correspondence, A. Joseph Dowd, VP, American Electric Power Service Corp., November 1973 Box 8.2
Support of New Rivers, Individuals' Statements, Poetry, Songs, etc., 1975, undated Box 8.3
Testimony, Edmund I. Adams, September 16, 1971 Box 8.4
Testimony, Honorable Wilmer D. Mizell, before the House Rules Committee re: S.2439, December 11, 1974 Box 8.5
Testimonies/Statements, Various Aspects of Dam Fight, 1967-1976, undated Box 8.6

 

Subseries D: National Wild and Scenic Rivers System Act Amendments and Information 

Bills, Amendments and Resolutions, of General Assembly of North Carolina, 1971-1977 Box 8.7
Bills, House of Representatives, 93rd Congress, H.R.10203 and H.R.11120, September-October 1973 Box 8.8
Bills, House of Representatives, 94th Congress, Bills to Amend the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, 1975-1976 Box 8.9
Bills, Senate, 91st Congress, S2752 and others, 1969-1971 Box 8.10
Bills, Senate, 92nd Congress, S.2770 and S.3976, September 1971-September 1972 Box 8.11
Bills, Senate, 93rd and 94th Congress, re: New River, 1973-1976, undated Box 8.12
Comments, on Behalf of Appalachian Power Company on Draft Environmental Impact for Proposed South Fork New River National Wild and Scenic River, January-March 1976 Box 8.13
Congressional Voting Information, 1973-1976, undated Box 9.1
Map and Pamphlet, National Wild and Scenic Rivers System, 1975 Box 9.2
Nomination, of the New River for Inclusion in the Wild and Scenic Rivers System, March 17, 1976 Box 9.3
Report, 'Chapter III-Recommended Standard Procedures for the Acquisition and Analysis of Data on Fluvial Sediment', undated Box 9.4
Research, "Public Law"-Copies and Pamphlets re: Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, 1960-1976, undated Box 9.5
Statement, Draft Environmental Statement DES '75-58, Proposed South Fork New River, National Wild and Scenic River in North Carolina, November 1975 Box 9.6
Statement, Draft Environmental Statement DES '75-58, Proposed South Fork New River, National Wild and Scenic River in North Carolina, (Copy 2), November 1975 Box 9.7
Statement, FINAL Environmental Satement, Proposed South Fork New River, National Wild and Scenic River, North Carolina, (Copy 1), March 1976 Box 9.8
Statement, FINAL Environmental Satement, Proposed South Fork New River, National Wild and Scenic River, North Carolina, (Copy 2), March 1976 Box 10.1

 

Subseries E: Publications, News Releases, and Article Clippings

Article Reprints, 1966-1981, undated Box 10.2
Congressional Reports, 93rd Congress, "Water Resources Development and River Basin Monetary Authorization Acts of 1973", October and December 1973 Box 10.3
Excerpts of Remarks, 'Congressional Record', 1971-1976 Box 10.4
News Releases, Dam Project, 1971-1973, undated Box 10.5
News Releases, Dam Project, 1974-1975 Box 10.6
News Releases, Dam Project, 1976-1992 Box 10.7
Newspaper Clippings, undated Box 10.8
Newspaper Clippings, 1960-1969 Box 11.1
Newspaper Clippings, 1970 Box 11.2
Newspaper Clippings, 1971 Box 11.3
Newspaper Clippings, 1972 Box 11.4
Newspaper Clippings, January-March 1973 Box 11.5
Newspaper Clippings, April-December 1973 Box 11.6
Newspaper Clippings, January-May 1974 Box 12.1
Newspaper Clippings, June-December 1974 Box 12.2
Newspaper Clippings, January-July 1975 Box 12.3
Newspaper Clippings, August-September 15, 1975 Box 12.4
Newspaper Clippings, September 17-December 1975 Box 12.5
Newspaper Clippings, January 1976 Box 12.6
Newspaper Clippings, February 1976 Box 12.7
Newspaper Clippings, March 1976 Box 13.1
Newspaper Clippings, April 1976 Box 13.2
Newspaper Clippings, May 1976 Box 13.3
Newspaper Clippings, June 1976 Box 13.4
Newspaper Clippings, July 1976 Box 13.5
Newspaper Clippings, August-December 1976 Box 13.6
Newspaper Clippings, 1977-2004 Box 13.7
Newspaper Clippings, re: Secretary of Interior Thomas S. Kleppe, 1975-1976, undated Box 13.8
Proceedings and Debates, 93rd Congress, 'Congressional Record', January 22, 1974 Box 13.9
Proceedings and Debates, 94th Congress, 'Congressional Record', August 9, 1976 Box 13.10
Proceedings and Debates, 94th Congress, 'Congressional Record', August 10, 1976 Box 13.11
Proceedings and Debates, 94th Congress, 'Congressional Record', August 30, 1976 Box 14.1
Publications, Various, 1968-1974, undated Box 14.2
Publications, Various, 1975 Box 14.3
Publications, Various, 1976-1977 Box 14.4
Report, 'An Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of the Blue Ridge Project', September 1965 Box 14.5
Reports, 'Federal Register', 1971 & 1973 Box 14.6
Report, New River-Outstanding Resource Waters, Evaluation of the South Fork New River and Other Areas in the New River Watershed, August 7, 1991 Box 14.7
Report, 'Pre-Impoundment Ecological Reconnaissance of the New River in the Area of the Proposed Appalachian Power Company's Blue Ridge Project', (pg. 1-WQ-10), June 23, 1974 Box 14.8
Report, 'Pre-Impoundment Ecological Reconnaissance of the New River in the Area of the Proposed Appalachian Power Company's Blue Ridge Project', (pg. WQ-11-End), June 23, 1974 Box 14.9
Report, 'The Revised Blue Ridge Project: An Archeological Survey and Study' by C.C. Holland, ca. 1969 Box 14.10
Report, 'Revised Management Plan South Fork New River and Main Stem New River, North Carolina', June 1975 Box 15.1
Report, Summary of Reservoir Sediment Deposition Surveys made in the U.S. through 1965, May 1969 Box 15.2
Rough Drafts/Notes, for News Releases and Articles, 1971-April 1973 Box 15.3
Rough Drafts/Notes, for News Releases and Articles, May 1973-December 1973 Box 15.4
Rough Drafts/Notes, for News Releases and Articles, 1974 Box 15.5
Rough Drafts/Notes, for News Releases and Articles, 1975-1976 Box 15.6
Rough Drafts/Notes, for News Releases and Articles, undated Box 15.7
Rough Drafts/Notes, for News Releases and Articles, undated Box 15.8
Study, Kanawha River-Comprehensive Basin Study, June 1971 Box 16.1

 

Subseries F: National Committee for the New River

Chronology, Blue Ridge/New River Chronology, 1989, undated Box 17.1
Citizen Responses, re: New River Project, 1974-1976, undated Box 17.2
Contact Lists, Congressional and Business, undated Box 17.3
Correspondence, Committee for the New River (various renditions), 1974-1974, undated Box 17.4
Correspondence, Committee for the New River (several renditions), 1976-1979 Box 17.5
Ephemera, NCNR, 1971-2003 Box 17.6
Group Preservation Efforts, New River and Upper New River Valley Associations, 1968-1973, undated Box 17.7
Impact Statements/Comments, 1970-1974, undated Box 17.8
Interviews, Notes, Contacts, undated Box 17.9
Interviews/Statements, 1973-1985 Box 18.1
Memorandum/Correspondence, The Izaak Walton League of America, 1973-1976, undated  
Other Preservation Efforts, 1971, undated  
Papers, by American Rivers Conservation Council, undated  
Papers, National Committee for the New River, 1968-1989  
Papers, National Committee for the New River, 1990-1995  
Papers, National Committee for the New River, undated  
Papers, on New River, found via 'Congressional Research Service', 1976, undated   
Reports and Presentations, re: New River Issues, 1965-1976  
Speech, given at New River Bill Signing Ceremony, September 11, 1976  
Statements before Congressional Committees, re: New River Project, 1974, undated Box 18.11
Statements before Congressional Committees, re: New River Project, 1976 Box 19.1
Studies and Reports, by unknown Persons re: New River, undated Box 19.2

 

Subseries G: 25th Anniversary Celebration of the New River

Artifacts/Correspondence of Celebration, 1975-2002, undated Box 19.3
CDs, (6) Five-volume Set (with 2 copies of #5) of 'New River-25th Reunion, 2001 of Celebration', 1975-2002, undated Box 19.4
Publications of New River, 'New River News', Summer 2000-Summer 2003 Box 19.5
,

Series II: Edmund I. Adams, ca. 1960-1993, undated

Series Description

Series II: Edmund I. Adams - This series contains: Subseries A: Correspondence and Newspaper Clippings: Includes this attorney's correspondence with Congressmen, business men and farmers. He was the attorney for Alleghany and Ashe County Board of Commissioners during this fight, and his work for this cause is seen throughout this series. He also collected a large amount of newspaper clippings, national and local, on the issue.

Subseries B: Information/Reports for Alleghany and Ashe Counties, NC: Includes reports and surveys of Alleghany and Ashe Counties, such as water and sewer plans, zoning plans, subdivision regulations, and residential relocation reports.

Subseries C: Legal Issues and Federal Power Commission Among the papers are Congressional reports and proceedings, statements in favor of and in opposition to H.R. 11120, the Bill that would accord Wild and Scenic designation to 26.5 miles of the New River. It also contains depositions of several corporate representatives, as well as briefs from Federal Power Commission and U.S. Court of Appeals hearings.

In Subseries D, the Jefferson/West Jefferson (NC) Water Project of the late 1980's resulted in several assessment reports for the cities. Newpaper article clippings on the issue reveal some heated discussions between town boards which resulted in West Jefferson dropping out of the project.

Subseries E: R. Floyd Crouse's Papers: Include correspondence and legal documents prepared by Mr. Crouse for the Alleghany County School Bond in the early 1960s.

Subseries A: Correspondence and Newspaper Clippings

Application Information Packet, Oak Hill Academy, 1970-1971  Box 20.1
Assorted Papers of Adams, 1964-1977, undated Box 20.2
Correspondence, Adams, 1962-1965 Box 20.3
Correspondence, Adams, 1966-March 1968 Box 20.4
Correspondence, Adams, April-December 1968 Box 20.5
Correspondence, Adams, January 1969-June 1970 Box 20.6
Correspondence, Adams, July-December 1970 Box 20.7
Correspondence, Adams, January-April 1971 Box 20.8
Correspondence, Adams, May-June 1971  Box 21.1
Correspondence, Adams, July-December 1971 Box 21.2
Correspondence, Adams, January-June 1972 Box 21.3
Correspondence, Adams, July-December 1972 Box 21.4
Correspondence, Adams, January-March 1973 Box 21.5
Correspondence, Adams, April-July 1973 Box 21.6
Correspondence, Adams, August-October 1973 Box 21.7
Correspondence, Adams, November-December 1973 Box 21.8
Correspondence, Adams, January-February 1974 Box 22.1
Correspondence, Adams, March-June 1974 Box 22.2
Correspondence, Adams, July-September 1974 Box 22.3
Correspondence, Adams, October-December 1974 Box 22.4
Correspondence, Adams, January-February 1975 Box 22.5
Correspondence, Adams, March-April 1975 Box 22.6
Correspondence, Adams, May 1975 Box 22.7
Correspondence, Adams, June-July 1975 Box 22.8
Correspondence, Adams, August-October 1975 Box 23.1
Correspondence, Adams, November-December 1975 Box 23.2
Correspondence, Adams, January 1976 Box 23.3
Correspondence, Adams, February 1-15, 1976 Box 23.4
Correspondence, Adams, February 16-28, 1976 Box 23.5
Correspondence, Adams, March 1976 Box 23.6
Correspondence, Adams, April 1-15, 1976 Box 23.7
Correspondence, Adams, April 16-30, 1976 Box 23.8
Correspondence, Adams, May 1976 Box 24.1
Correspondence, Adams, June 1976 Box 24.2
Correspondence, Adams, July 1976 Box 24.3
Correspondence, Adams, August 1976 Box 24.4
Correspondence, Adams, September 1976 Box 24.5
Correspondence, Adams, October-December 1976 Box 24.6
Correspondence, Adams, January-February 1977 Box 24.7
Correspondence, Adams, March 1977-March 1978 Box 24.8
Correspondence, Adams, undated Box 25.1
Draft Documents, 1967-1976, undated Box 25.2
Drafts and Notes of Adams, ca. 1960-1970s, undated Box 25.3
Expenses/Receipts, for Edmund Adams and R.F. Crouse, Legal Services to Alleghany and Ashe Counties, 1963-1976, undated Box 25.4
Facts, re: the New River Project, 1968-1975, undated Box 25.5
Mailgrams/Telegrams, July 16, 1971-September 23, 1976 Box 25.6
Memos and Messages, Adams, January 1963-January 1975 Box 25.7
Memos and Messages, Adams, February 1975-February 1976 Box 25.8
Memos and Messages, Adams, March-September 1976 Box 26.1
Memos and Messages, Adams, October 1976-December 1977 Box 26.2
Memos and Messages, Adams, undated Box 26.3
News Releases re: Blue Ridge Project, March 11, 1963-September 30, 1976, undated Box 26.4
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, February 1956-December 1973 Box 26.5
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, January 1974-May 1975 Box 26.6
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, June-December 1975  Box 26.7
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, January-February 1976 Box 26.8
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, March 1976 Box 26.9
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, April 1976 Box 27.1
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, May 1976 Box 27.2
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, June-July 1976 Box 27.3
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, August-December 1976 Box 27.4
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, January 1977-May 1983 Box 27.5
Newspaper Clippings, Adams, undated Box 27.6
Serial Publications, Adams, 1967-December 1975, undated Box 27.7
Serial Publications, Adams, 1976-1977 Box 27.8
Speech, 'Sweetbriar Speech', 1975 Box 27.9

 

Subseries B: Information/Reports for Alleghany and Ashe Counties, NC

Annual Report, ASCS Alleghany County, 1972 Box 28.1
Audit Report, Alleghany County, NC, June 30, 1970 Box 28.2
Handbook, Environmental Assessments-Historical and Archeological Resources, January 1978 Box 28.3
History, by S.F. Thompson, 'History of Alleghany County', ca. 1912 Box 28.4
Monograph, 'An Introduction to County Planning' by Philip P. Green Jr., 1968 Box 28.5
Monograph, Western North Carolina Research Resource Management Conference, September 1977 Box 28.6
Papers, Assorted, Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga-Related, 1966-1976, undated Box 28.7
Papers, North Carolina American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, 1972 Box 28.8
Plan, Sketch Development Plan, Ashe, Alleghany Counties, North Carolina (2 copies), January 1971 Box 28.9
Proceedings, of the Governor's Conference on Appalachian Development, June 1968 Box 28.10
Proposal, Solid Waste Proposal for Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga Counties, ca. 1971-1972 Box 28.11
Reconnaissance Survey, Alleghany County, NC, February 1971 Box 28.12
Reconnaissance Survey, Ashe County, NC, February 1971 Box 28.13
Report, Comprehensive Water and Sewer Plan, Alleghany County, NC, July 1972 Box 28.14
Report, Comprehensive Water and Sewer Plan, Alleghany County, NC, December 1972 Box 29.1
Report, Housing Element Update, by Alleghany County Planning Board (2 copies), March 1972 Box 29.2
Report, Housing Element Update, Ashe County, NC (2 copies), April 1972 Box 29.3
Report, Initial Housing Element, Ashe and Alleghany Counties, North Carolina (2 copies), December 1970 Box 29.4
Report-Preliminary, Comprehensive Water and Sewer Study, Alleghany County, NC, June 1972 Box 29.5
Report, Residential Relocation, Blue Ridge Reservoir Project Area, Alleghany County, NC, March 1972 Box 29.6
Report, Residential Relocation, Blue Ridge Reservoir Project Area, Ashe County, NC (2 copies), April 1972 Box 29.7
Report on Examination, Alleghany County, NC, June 30, 1972 Box 29.8
Soil Survey, of Alleghany County, North Carolina, February 1973 Box 29.9
Study Report, Areawide Transportation Improvement Program in Alleghany, Ashe (6 other counties), North Carolina, January 1973 Box 29.10
Subdivision Regulations, Alleghany County, NC (2 copies), December 1970 Box 30.1
Subdivision Regulations, Alleghany County, NC (2 copies), November 1970 Box 30.2
Survey, Alleghany County, NC School Survey, 1970 Box 30.3
Survey, Survey Data and Proposed Management Program for Solid Waste Disposal in Alleghany County (2 copies), ca. 1967 Box 30.4
Survey Report, New River Basin Pollution Survey Report, 1960-1962 Box 30.5
Zoning Ordinance, Alleghany County, NC (2 coies), December 1970 Box 30.6
Zoning Ordinance, Alleghany County, NC (2 copies), 1972 Box 30.7
Zoning Ordinance, Ashe County, NC, October 1975 Box 30.8
Zoning Ordinance DRAFT, Alleghany County, NC (2 copies), October 1971 Box 30.9
Zoning Ordinance DRAFT, Ashe County, NC, November 1970 Box 30.10

 

Subseries C: Legal Issues and Federal Power Commission

Affidavits, to Charlton Holland and Robert Poole, September 1975 Box 31.1
Agreements/Reports from Appalachian Power Company, 1963-1973 Box 31.2
Answers, by Federal Power Commission, September 1970-December 1973 Box 31.3
Briefs, No. 2317, May 6-August 1971 Box 31.4
Briefs, No. 2317, September 30, 1971-January 9, 1975 Box 31.5
Brief, Brief and Environmental Statement of Commission Staff in Reopened Proceeding No. 2317, April 21, 1971 Box 31.6
Brief, Commission Staff Brief on Exceptions in Reopened Proceeding No. 2317, August 20, 1971 Box 31.7
Brief, Initial Brief of Appalachian Power Company on Reopened Hearing No. 2317, January 25, 1971 Box 31.8
Brief, Initial Brief of State of West Virginia on Reopened Hearing No. 2317, April 16, 1971 Box 31.9
Briefs, re: Reopened Hearing No. 2317, 1969-April 16, 1971 Box 31.10
Briefs, U.S. Court of Appeals, No. 74-1941 (2 copies), April 21, 1975 Box 32.1
Brief, U.S. Court of Appeals, No. 74-1941, Brief for Intervenor Appalachian Power Company, April 21, 1975 Box 32.2
Briefs and Reply Briefs, No. 2317, September 1973-February 1974 Box 32.3
Brief on Remand, Appalachian Power Company, No. 2317, undated Box 32.4
Certificate of Record in Lieu of Record, U.S. Court of Appeals, No. 74-1941, November 22, 1974 Box 32.5
Comments, re: No. 2317, April-December 1973 Box 32.6
Corrections to Transcripts, June 1, 1970-August 31, 1973, undated Box 32.7
Deposition, of F. Douglas Bess, no. 2317, October 27, 1970 Box 32.8
Deposition, of J. Charles Forman, no. 2317, November 12, 1970 Box 32.9
Deposition, of Howard Maxwell Galloway, no. 2317, October 21, 1970 Box 33.1
Deposition, of Arnout C. Hyde, no. 2317, October 22, 1970 Box 33.2
Deposition, of Lawrence L. Kelly, no. 2317, October 27, 1970 Box 33.3
Deposition, of Ernest C. Ladd, no. 2317, October 23, 1970 Box 33.4
Deposition, of Robert S. Simokat, no. 2317, October 28, 1970 Box 33.5
Deposition, of Richard L. Williams, no. 2317, October 29, 1970 Box 33.6
Motions, Federal Power Commission, no. 2317, November 1970-April 1974, undated Box 33.7
Motions, U.S. Court of Appeals, no. 74-1941, October 23, 1974-April 26, 1976, undated Box 33.8
Notices, Federal Power Commission, no. 2317, September 1970-April 30, 1976, undated Box 33.9
Orders, Federal Power Commission, 1967-1974 Box 34.1
Orders, U.S. Court of Appeals, March 1969-1977 Box 34.2
Petitions, no. 2317, October 1970-March 24, 1976, undated Box 34.3
Petition for Writ of Certiorari, in Supreme Court of the United States, October term 1975 Box 34.4
Proposal, to Resolve Ecological Issues, made by Appalachian Power Company re: no. 2317, July 31, 1970 Box 34.5
Replies, before Federal Power Commission, no. 2317, September 1970-May 1971 Box 34.6
Resolutions, by County Commissioners and other Organizations, August 5, 1963-December 30, 1975, undated Box 34.7
Responses, no. 2317, September 2, 1970-December 20, 1976 Box 34.8
Rules of Practice and Procedure, by Federal Power Commission, updates, 1966-1971 Box 34.9
Rules, U.S. Court of Appeals, 'General Rules supplementing the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure and Rules Governing Review of Cases', 1968 Box 34.10
Rulings, no. 2317, June 1, 1970-March 7, 1973 Box 34.11
Stenographer's Report, Official, Volume 41, Project no. 2317, December 7, 1970 Box 35.1
Stenographer's Report, Official, Volume 42, Project no. 2317, December 8, 1970 Box 35.2
Stenographer's Report, Official, Volume 43, Project no. 2317, December 9, 1970 Box 35.3
Stenographer's Report, Official, Volume 44, Project no. 2317, December 10, 1970 Box 35.4
Stenographer's Report, Official, Volume 47, Project no. 2317, November 11, 1971 Box 35.5
Stenographer's Report, Official, Volume 50, Project no. 2317, July 24, 1973 Box 35.6
Stenographer's Report, Official, Volume 51, Project no. 2317, July 25, 1973 Box 35.7
Testimonies, before Federal Power Commission, December 1968-July 1973 Box 36.1
Testimonies, to Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, 1973-1976 Box 36.2
Testimonies, to Various Congressional Committees, 1967-1976, undated  Box 36.3

 

Subseries D: Jefferson Water Development

Annual Report, Section 319 Annual Report for North Carolina Fiscal Year 1992, May 1993 Box 36.4
Articles, re: Jefferson/West Jefferson Water Project, 1988-1998, undated Box 36.5
By-Laws, National Committee for the New River, ca. 1974 Box 36.6
Correspondence, re: Jefferson/West Jefferson Water Project, 1988-1989, undated Box 36.7
Correspondence, re: Jefferson/West Jefferson Water Project, January-August 1990 Box 37.1
Correspondence, re: Jefferson/West Jefferson Water Project, September 1990-July 1993 Box 37.2
Reports, Classifications and Water Quality Standards Assigned to the New River Basin, 1981-1989 Box 37.3
Report, Towns of Jefferson and West Jefferson Environmental Assessment...Water Treatment Facility..., July 1990 Box 37.4
Reports, Various, re: Jefferson/West Jefferson Water Project, 1978-1993  Box 37.5
Reports, Various, re: Jefferson/West Jefferson Water Project, undated Box 37.6

 

Subseries E: R. Floyd Crouse's Papers

Correspondence, Crouse, Alleghany School Bond, 1964-1966 Box 37.7
Legal Documents, Alleghany County School Bond, 1953-1965, undated Box 37.8
,

Series III: Peggy Carroll Papers, 1967-1978, undated 

Series Description

This series contains materials used for Ms. Carroll's research for a planned but not completed book on the New River dam issue. They include correspondence, interviews, newspaper clippings, her personal notes, drafts of the book outline and Chapter 1, political information, and chronologies.

Conclusions and Evaluations, Carroll, 1976-1977, undated Box 38.1
Correspondence & Research Materials, Carroll, 1976-1977, undated Box 38.2
Draft, Book Outline, Carroll, undated Box 38.3
Draft, Chapter 1, Carroll's Book, undated Box 38.4
Expenses, Carroll, for Book Research, etc., 1976-1979 Box 38.5
Grant Application, to National Endowment for the Humanities, 1977-1978, undated Box 38.6
Informational Materials, from Dr. Ann Parks, July 30, 1977 Box 38.7
Interviews & Notes, Research for Carroll's Book, 1967-1978, undated Box 38.8
Materials Dispensation, Carroll, 1975-1977, undated Box 38.9
Notes, Carroll, Oral History Methods, 1975-1977, undated Box 38.10
Notes/Correspondence, Research for Carroll's Book, 1971-1978 Box 39.1
Notes on Research, Carroll, undated Box 39.2
Photographs of the New River, undated Box 39.3
Research, on 'Pollution-Dilution' Discussion, 1967-1972, undated Box 39.4
Research, on 'Pollution-Dilution' Discussion, 1973 Box 39.5
Summary Story & Drafts, 'The New River Story-A Summary' by Peggy Carroll, undated Box 39.6
,

Series IV: Oversize Materials

Series Description

Series IV contains mostly maps of the Alleghany and Ashe Counties, planning maps, utility maps, facility (schools, hospitals, etc.) maps - all planning for the Appalachian Power Company's Blue Ridge Project. Several posters and ads for festivals and Senatorial voting stats are also included.

Ad and Newsletter, 2-page North Carolina Image Ad and National New River Newsletter, ca. 1975-1978 Box 40.1
Certificate, from President of the United States, to Edmunc Ivan Adams, to serve as Government Appeal Agent, Local Board No. 3, North Carolina, February 27, 1970 Box 40.2
Map, Alleghany County, NC, for Proposed Blue Ridge Dam Project, Showing Planning area, Figure A, undated Box 40.3
Map, Alleghany County, NC, for Proposed Blue Ridge Dam Project, Showing Major Streams and Creeks, Figure D, undated Box 40.4
Map, Alleghany County, NC, for Proposed Blue Ridge Dam Project, Showing County Land Use Patterns, Figure F, undated Box 40.5
Map, Alleghany County, NC, for Proposed Blue Ridge Dam Project, Showing Agricultural and Suitability, Figure H, undated Box 40.6
Map, Alleghany County, NC and Vicinity, for Proposed Blue Ridge Dam Project, Showing Transportation Facilities, Figure I, undated Box 40.7
Map, Alleghany County, NC, for Proposed Blue Ridge Dam Project, Showing Community Facilities, Figure J, undated Box 40.8
Map, Alleghany County, NC, for Proposed Blue Ridge Dam Project, Showing Utilities and Services, Figure K, undated Box 40.9
Maps, (2) Blue Ridge Project No. 2317 Transmission Lines (Existing and Staff Routing), undated Box 40.10
Map, Kanawha River Basin, West Virginia, October 1965 Box 40.11
Maps, (3) Proposed Blue Ridge Project working maps, 1968, 1996, undated Box 40.12
Newsprint Ad, for "Festival of the New" (2 copies), July 26, 1975 Box 40.13
Poster, "How Senators Voted on Critical Environmental Issues", 1975-1976 Box 40.14