Guide to the Georgia Railway and Power Company Photograph Album, undated

Summary Information

Title: Georgia Railway and Power Company Photograph Album, undated
Collection: AC.291
Extent: 0.01 linear feet (1 folder)
Abstract:

The Georgia Railway and Power Company Photograph Album contains 31 pages and 66 photographs. Photographs include white and black workmen, bridges, railroad cars, railroad lines, Green Street terminal, cars could be dated, quarry, crane, rock drill, Tugalo River, trolley wires, Stone Mountain, Scottdale, Erskine and Ingleside Stations, Tallulah Falls, sub-stations, and Dunlop Power Station.

Creator: Georgia Railway and Power Company

Biographical/Historical Note

Citizens of Atlanta demanded electricity in 1883 and formed the Electric Light Company of Atlanta. In 1891, an Atlanta banker named Henry Atkinson formed the Georgia Power Company. He became a shareholder in Georgia Electric Light Company of Atlanta and soon gained control of the corporation. He completely rebuilt the electric system, which powered streetlights and electric streetcars. In 1902, he hired a young lawyer, Preston S. Arkwright, to charter a company called Georgia Railway and Electric Company and consolidate many of the streetcar lines and their generating plants into the new firm.

In 1906, Arkwright purchased a baseball team, the Atlanta Crackers, and located it near his streetcar line to boost ridership. The ploy worked. That same year, the second steel-tower transmission line in America was built by Georgia Railway and Electric Company. It carried 66,000 volts from Gainesville to Atlanta. Another hydro plant, named Lloyd Shoals, was completed in 1907 and added to Georgia Railway and Electric Company’s system in 1927.

Another major restructuring took place in 1911, when Atkinson acquired several more utilities, including Atlanta Water and Electric Power Company. He leased the Georgia Railway and Electric Company to the new company Georgia Railway and Power Company. In 1912, a 100-mile, high-voltage (110,000 volts) transmission line was built from Georgia Railway and Power’s new hydro plant being built at Tallulah Falls to one of this country’s first outdoor high-voltage substation at Boulevard in Atlanta. The next year, the first of six hydro units at Tallulah Falls opened, followed by four other units in 1914. A sixth unit, generating 12,000 kilowatts, was completed in 1919.

Ironically, the first power generated by Tallulah Falls was sold, not to Georgia Railway and Electric, but to Southern Power Company, later to become Duke Power Company. When completed, Tallulah Falls was capable of generating 72,000 kilowatts of electricity.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of a photograph album with 31 pages and 66 photographs. Photographs include white and black workmen, bridges, railroad cars, railroad lines, Green Street terminal, cars could be dated, quarry, crane, rock drill, Tugalo River, trolley wires, Stone Mountain, Scottdale, Erskine and Ingleside Stations, Tallulah Falls, sub-stations, and Dunlop Power Station.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in one folder.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for use in the Dougherty Reading Room. An appointment for research is recommended. The Dougherty Reading Room is located on the 4th floor of Belk Library in Special Collections.

Acquisitions Information

The W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection purchased this collection in 14 October 2002. The accession number is AC.2003.036. It was opened to the public in April, 2006.

Processing Information

Processed by Kathryn Staley, April, 2006; Encoded by Kathryn Staley, April, 2006; Revised by Cynthia Harbeson, July 2014. This collection was reprocessed as part of a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The grant funded extensive processing of the backlog within the W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection between 2012 and 2014.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], AC.291: Georgia Railway and Power Company Photograph Album, W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA.

Container List

Photographs include white and black workmen, bridges, railroad cars, railroad lines, Green Street terminal, cars could be dated, quarry, crane, rock drill, Tugalo River, trolley wires, Stone Mountain, Scottdale, Erskine and Ingleside Stations, Tallulah Falls, sub-stations, Dunlop Power Station.

  ACSC_Box Folder

Photograph album, undated 

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