Guide to the George Armstrong Custer Letters, 1869-1870

Summary Information

Title: George Armstrong Custer Letters, 1869-1870
Collection: AC.624
Extent: 0.01 linear feet (1 folder)
Abstract:

George Armstrong Custer (1839–1876) was a United States Army Officer and Calvary Commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. This collection consists of two items of handwritten correspondence between George A. Custer and other military officials in 1869 and 1870, respectively.

Creator: Custer, George A., (George Armstrong), 1839-1876

Biographical/Historical Note

George Armstrong Custer was born in December 5, 1839 in New Rumley, Ohio, to Emanuel Henry Custer (1806–1892) and Marie Ward Kirkpatrick (1807–1882). Though he graduated last in his class at West Point in 1858, Custer gained a reputation as a skilled cavalry commander during the American Civil War (1861-1865) and was promoted to the temporary rank of major general. His permanent rank reverted to that of captain after the war ended.

Custer later was sent west to participate in the Indian Wars. He was appointed lieutenant colonel of the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment, headquartered at Fort Riley, Kansas. As a result of the support of General Philip Sheridan, Custer was again promoted to the temporary rank of Major General. Under the orders of Sheridan, Custer helped to establish Camp Supply in Indian Territory in 1868. Custer is most well known for his defeat and death at the Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876. This battle is popularly known as Custer's Last Stand.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of two items of handwritten correspondence between George A. Custer and other military officials in 1869 and 1870, respectively. The 1869 letter was sent from the Headquarters Department of Missouri to Custer and includes instructions for Custer to be followed on his arrival at Camp Supply. The 1870 letter was written by Custer when he was stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and regards Custer's intention to begin a leave of absence from military service.

Arrangement

The two letters are arranged in chronological order in a single folder.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for use in the Dougherty Reading Room. An appointment for research is recommended. The Dougherty Reading Room is located on the 4th floor of Belk Library in Special Collections.

Acquisitions Information

This collection was donated to Appalachian State University's Belk Library by Judge J. Ray Braswell in 1976.

Processing Information

Processed by David Funderburk, April 2013. This collection was processed as part of a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The grant funded extensive processing of the backlog within the W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection between 2012 and 2014.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], AC.624: George Armstrong Custer Letters, W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA.

Container List

Letters, 1869-1870 ACSC_Box 19, Folder 4
Letter to George A. Custer from J. Schuyler Crosby, by the command of Major General Philip Sheridan, Headquarters Department of the Missouri, in the field, Camp Supply, regarding instructions for Custer once he reached Camp Supply, March 2, 1869  
Letter to the Post Adjutant (name unclear) from George A. Custer, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, regarding Custer's intention to begin a leave of absence, December 9, 1870