Chartered in 1848, the Alabama and Tennessee Rive Railroad took over work on an earlier road and intended to connect Selma, Alabama with Gadsden and other roads going north to Nashville, Tennessee. Construction began in 1851 and had reached Blue Mountain, northeast of Talladega, by May 1862, when construction stopped (grading to Gadsden was well under way). The Confederacy attempted to extend the road from Blue Mountain to Rome, Georgia in order to provide another source of supply for the army in the Chattanooga area. No rails were laid, but the graded bed was used by supply wagons. A 4-mile long Branch was constructed to reach a nail factory and coal fields. Today this railway is a shortline railway operating over tracks formerly operated by CSX Transportation. No history could be found on the 1859 celebration.