Guide to the Ku Klux Klan Papers, 1924-1968, undated

Summary Information

Title: Ku Klux Klan Papers, 1924-1968, undated
Collection: AC.753
Extent: 0.01 linear feet (1 oversize folder)
Abstract:

The Ku Klux Klan Papers contains examples of the Klan's members' Commission Credentials, informational pamphlets, and a restricted student paper for Dr. Lorin Baumhover's course in 1968, all of which may contain offensive material and language.

Creator: various

Biographical/Historical Note

Founded in 1866, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) extended into almost every southern state by 1870 and became a vehicle for white southern resistance to the Republican Party's Reconstruction-era policies aimed at establishing political and economic equality for blacks. Its members waged an underground campaign of intimidation and violence directed at white and black Republican leaders. Though Congress passed legislation designed to curb Klan terrorism, the organization saw its primary goal–the reestablishment of white supremacy–fulfilled through Democratic victories in state legislatures across the South in the 1870s. After a period of decline, white Protestant nativist groups revived the Klan in the early 20th century, burning crosses and staging rallies, parades and marches denouncing immigrants, Catholics, Jews, blacks and organized labor. The civil rights movement of the 1960s also saw a surge of Ku Klux Klan activity, including bombings of black schools and churches and violence against black and white activists in the South.

Scope and Contents

This Ku Klux Klan Papers collection includes KKK charters and credentials, a meeting flyer and literature, and a student paper on the Ku Klux Klan for Dr. Baumhover in 1968. (The student paper is restricted due student's name and grade on paper.)

Arrangement

The materials are arranged chronologically.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

With the exception of the student paper containing confidential information, the materials in this collection may be used in the Dougherty Reading Room.

Acquisitions Information

This collection may have been donated by Lorin Baumhover. Accession number AC.2011.043

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Anita Elliott, January 2014. This collection was processed as part of a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The grant funded extensive processing of the backlog within the W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection between 2012 and 2014.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], AC.753: Ku Klux Klan Papers, W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA.

Container List

Papers, 1924-1968, undated ACSC_Box Oversize 2