Guide to the Appalachian Training School Collection, 1900-1931

Summary Information

Title: Appalachian Training School Collection, 1900-1931
Collection: UA.5013
Extent: 0.5 linear feet (1 box)

Appalachian Training School, a predecessor of Appalachian State University, operated from 1903 to 1925 focusing on teacher training. This collection contains property deeds for the school, a brochure promoting the school signed by B. B. Dougherty, student class constitution and minutes, library records, and a student magazine.

Creator: Appalachian Training School for Teachers (N.C.)

Biographical/Historical Note

In 1899, brothers B. B. and D. D. Dougherty founded the Watauga Academy. Beginning with only fifty-three students, Watauga Academy had grown steadily to over one hundred students in the higher grades by March 1901. B.B. Dougherty saw a need for trained teachers in Watauga County as well as throughout North Carolina. Dougherty was instrumental in getting a bill passed for a state-supported school in Watauga County, which became the Appalachian Training School for Teachers. Classes commenced on October 5, 1903 and 325 students attended during the first year. When it began, the school had a public school course, high school course, and a special course for public school teachers.

The school grew steadily throughout the years, eventually attracting students from forty-eight counties in North Carolina during the 1920-21 school year. Tuition at the Appalachian Training School was free for all North Carolina residents agreeing to teach for at least two years. The college offered diverse cultural and athletic activities for students such as music and art classes, student publications, literary societies, and team sports for both men and women. In 1916, Appalachian Training School began operating year-round, including two six-week summer terms. In 1921, the training school was reorganized as a normal school with a four-year high school for students who graduated from the seventh grade and a two-year normal school for regular high school graduates hoping to pursue careers as elementary school teachers. During the 1924-25 school year, 1,097 students were enrolled. In 1925, the school became the Appalachian State Normal School dedicated to training public school teachers in North Carolina. It was a normal school for four years, when in 1929 the name was changed to Appalachian State Teachers’ College and it became a four-year college, the predecessor of the current Appalachian State University.

Scope and Contents

The Appalachian Training School Collection contains land deeds, student class constitution and minutes, library borrowing records, promotional brochure, and manuscript for a student magazine. The original deeds are for land in and around Boone and Watauga County, NC, owned by Watauga Academy, Appalachian Training School, and members of the school's Board of Trustees. One deed in the collection pertains to property conveyed to the Appalachian State Teachers College. The promotional brochure highlights the programs and facilities at the Training school and was sent by President B. B. Dougherty to a prospective student. A single ledger includes the constitution, minutes, and list of class members for the junior and senior classes and a record of library books borrowed and returned.


The records are arranged in a single series and organized first alphabetically by document type or subject and then chronologically within groups of documents. Photocopies of the deeds are placed in a single folder at the end of the collection.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for use in the Dougherty Reading Room without restrictions.

Acquisitions Information

On behalf of Mrs. Annie D. Rufty, Mrs. Elizabeth Scoggins donated the deeds and justice certificates to the University Archives on February 18, 1994. The donors of the manuscript of the student magazine and ledger containing the student class constitution and minutes are unknown. Bob Snead donated the Appalachian Training School brochure to the University Archives on October 12, 2006.

Processing Information

Processed by Kendall Reese, 2011.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], UA.5013: Appalachian Training School Collection, University Archives, Appalachian State University, Boone, N.C., USA.

Container List


  Box Folder

Deed; J. F. H, et al, Trustees of Watauga Academy 8 December 1900 

1 1

Deed: J. F. Hardin, et al, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 4 June 1904 

1 2

Deed: J. F. Hardin, et al, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 24 September 1904 

1 3

Deed: J. F. Hardin and Mattie Hardin, Thomas L. Day and heirs 16 December 1904 

1 4

Deed: D. D. Dougherty, Lillie B. Dougherty, B. B. Dougherty, R. M. and Etta Greene, Trustees of Watauga Academy 22 June 1905 

1 5

Deed: Etta M. and R.M. Greene, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 1907 

1 6

Deed: J.F. Hardin and Mattie Hardin, L.B. McNeil 1907 

1 7

Deed: L.B. McNeil and Rachel McNeil, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 1908 

1 8

Deed: J.S. Stanbery and Alice Stanbery, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 1909 

1 9

Deed: D.G. Cattrell and G.F. Edmisten, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 1910 

1 10

H.L. Bolick, Caldwell County Justice of the Peace Certificate 1910 

1 11

Deed: D. Elrod and L.T. Elrod, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 1913 

1 12

Deed: W.L. Trivette and Pantha Trivette, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 1914 

1 13

Deed: F.D. Bingham and Matilda Bingham, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 1914 

1 14

Deed: Thomas L. Day and Mary E. Day, Trustees of Appalachian Training School 1916 

1 15

Deed: Trustees of Appalachian State Teachers College, Watauga Hospital, O. Max Gardner 1931 

1 16

Land Acquisition between B. B. Dougherty, D. D. Dougherty, and John Green 9 December 1907 

1 17

Promotional Brochure 1907 

1 18

Reports to the Governor and General Assembly 1908-1917 

1 19

Student Magazine 1918 

1 20

Student Minutes, Constitutions, and Library Records 1907-1911 

1 21

Deeds (Preservation Photocopies of originals) 

1 22