Civilian Conservation Corps in Appalachia

Scope: 

This pathfinder contains materials which provide information on the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in the southern Appalachian mountains, 1933-1942. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a federal public work relief program, created as part of the New Deal legislation by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and signed into law on March 31, 1933. At that time, America was in the worst depths of the decade-long Great Depression. Roosevelt intended the CCC to create jobs by training enrollees to help reverse or prevent soil erosion, forest fires, and flooding, as well as to work on reforestation and trail, road, and bridge building project in state and national parks. Selection of recruits for the Civilian Conservation Corps was administered by the Department of Labor. The welfare, training, and discipline of recruits provided for by the Army. All volunteers were drawn from families on poor relief. With the exception of some "veterans' camps" for veterans of the First World War, and skilled "local experienced men" who were drawn from nearby communities to supervise in skilled tasks, volunteers had to be male and aged 18-25, though there was later an extension for men aged 17-27. CCC Camps sprang up in rural locations all over the country. For many young mountaineers, the CCC was their first paying job, an opportunity to meet others, bolster an education, and perhaps travel.

Introductory Text: 

Sauceman, Fred. "Civilian Conservation Corps." Encyclopedia of Appalachia. Ed. Rudy Abramson and Jean Haskell. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006. p. 1578-1579.

Library of Congress Subject Headings: 

Highly Relevant:

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - Appalachian Region, Southern - History
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - Alabama - History
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.). Camp NP5 (Great Smoky Mountains National Park, N.C. and Tenn.) - History
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.). Camp P-54 (Pineville, W. Va.) - History
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - Georgia - History
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - North Carolina
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - Tennessee - History
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - Virginia - History
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - West Virginia - History
  • Conservation projects - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • New Deal, 1933-1939 - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • New Deal, 1933-1939 - West Virginia

Also Relevant:

  • Blue Ridge Parkway (N.C. and Va.)
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - Bibliography
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - History
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) - Periodicals
  • National parks and reserves - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • National parks and reserves - Appalachian Region, Southern - Management - History
  • Public works - Appalachian Region, Southern - History - 20th century
  • Reforestation - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Soil Conservation Projects - Appalachian Region, Southern

More General:

  • Deforestation - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Depressions - 1929 - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Rural unemployment - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Forest reserves - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Logging - Great Smoky Mountains National Park (N.C. and Tenn.)
  • Lumbering - West Virginia - History
  • National parks and reserves - United States
  • Public service employment - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Public works - United States - History - 20th century
  • Soil Erosion - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Unemployment - Appalachian Region, Southern
  • United States. National Park Service - History

 

Clipping Files Subject Headings - W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection: 
  • Blue Ridge Parkway
  • Depressions, Economic
Library of Congress Call Numbers: 
  •  S930
  • S932
  • SD143
  • SD565
  • F443.G7
  • Z6951 .C45
  • HD3885
  • LA209 .E3
Books: 

Anderson, Robert E. Written on the Land. Fairmont, W. Va.: ABC Printing, 2002 ASU SPEC APP COLL S932 .W4 A52 2002

Harr, Milton. The CCC Camps in West Virginia. Charleston, W. Va.: Milton Harr, 1992 ASU SPEC APP COLL S932 .W4 H37 1992

Smith, Kathy Mays. Gold Medal CCC Co. 1538: A Documentary. Paducah, Ky.: Turner Publishing Company, 2001. ASU SPEC APP COLL S932.K4 S65 2001

 

Guides, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries: 

Salmond, J.A. "Civilian Conservation Corps." The Encyclopedia of Southern History. Ed. David C. Roller and Robert C. Twyman. Baton Rouge and London: Louisiana State University Press, 1979. p. 216-217. ASU SPEC APP COLL F207.7 .E52

Sauceman, Fred. "Civilian Conservation Corps." Encyclopedia of Appalachia. Ed. Rudy Abramson and Jean Haskell. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006. p. 1578-1579. ASU SPEC APP COLL F106 .E53 2006

Bibliographies: 

Edwards, Everett E. References on the Mountaineers of the Southern Appalachians. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture Library, 1935. ASU SPEC APP COLL Z1251.A7 E28 1935a

Abstracts and Indices: 

America: History and Life. EbscoHost. Western North Carolina Library System, Carol Grotnes Belk Library.
http://0-web.ebscohost.com.wncln.wncln.org/ehost/search?vid=1&hid=4&sid=26f65733-6030-493d-9d44-7cfc0226ee83%40sessionmgr10

JSTOR. ITHAKA. Western North Carolina Library System, Carol Grotnes Belk Library.
http://0-www.jstor.org.wncln.wncln.org/action/showAdvancedSearch?cookieSet=1

Journals: 

Environmental History Review: EHR : A Publication of the American Society for Environmental History. Newark, N.J.: New Jersey Institute of Technology, 1990-1995. Access Online Through Western North Carolina Library Network

Forest & Conservation History. Durham, NC : Forest History Society in association with Duke University Press, 1990-1995. Access Online Through Western North Carolina Library Network

Forest History Newsletter. Saint Paul, Minn.: Forest History Foundation, 1957-1974. Access Online Through Western North Carolina Library Network

Journal of Forest History. Santa Cruz, Calif.: Forest History Society. Access Online Through Western North Carolina Library Network

National Parks Magazine. Washington, D.C.: National Parks Association, 1942-1970. ASU SPEC APP COLL. Bound: v.16, 1942-v.32, 1958 Microfiche: v.44, Jan.-Mar. 1970

The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Historical Society. ASU MAIN STACKS F221 .V91, v.77- 1969- .

Websites: 

Ashcraft, Scott and Snedeker, Rodney J. CCC Camp [website] (February 2006 Heritage Resources Evaluation of the Curtis Creek CCC Camp and Improvements Project. Grandfather Ranger District, Pisgah National Forest, accessed 9 November 2009); available from http://www.oldfort.org/CCC%20Camp.htm

Bowman, Rachel. "Remembering The Good Times: Exhibit Looks Back At CCC's Contributions," Daily News Record, 25 May 2006. [newspaper online] (Harrisonburg, Va., DNROnline.com, accessed 7 November 2009); available from: http://www.dnronline.com/search_details.php?AID=4544&CHID=5&key=&title=Remembering%20The%20Good%20Times&author=

Camp Hardy, Company 1524, SP-2. [website] (accessed 1 November 2009); available from: http://www.wva-ccc-legacy.org/Camp_Hardy_Mathias_West_Virginia.html

The Civilian Conservation Corps: Uncovering the Past [website] (Cade's Cove Preservation Association, 2005-2006, accessed 9 November 2009); available from: http://cadescovepreservationtn.homestead.com/CadesCoveCCCCamp.html

Lee, Owen P. CCC Projects in Virginia [webpage] (Started Feb, 2006 by Owen P. Lee and last updated June 27, 2008, accessed 8 November 2009); available from: http://www.arscse.org/qCCCVA.htm

West Virginia State CCC Museum Association. [website] (accessed 7 November 2009); available from http://www.wva-ccc-legacy.org/index.php

Other Sources: 

Ball, Julie. "Parkway Provided Living to Workers in Hard Times." Asheville Citizen-Times November 2, 2002: A-5.

Jolley, Harley E. "If You Seek Their Monument, Look About You." Blue Ridge Parkway Milepost Vol.5, No.1 (Spring/Summer, 1983): 1, 5.

Compiled by: 

Compiler: Blaze Pappas, 8 Dec 2009