Commercial Country Music in Appalachia in the 1920s

Scope: 

Commercial country music from the 1920s was the start of commercial country music and although it did not exclusively begin in Appalachia, many of country music’s first recordings did come from the region. This pathfinder commercial country music in Appalachia during the 1920s covers the roots of country music come from what then was called “hillbilly,” “mountain,” or “hill and range” music. The first Victor recordings in 1922 began commercial recordings of songs from which the music industry was started and country music was a large part of the beginning of the industry.

Introductory Text: 

Straw, Richard A, and Tyler Blethen. High Mountains Rising: Appalachia in Time and Place. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004. Print. Chapter 9, Pages 114-134. [ASU SPEC APP COLL F106.H46 2004]

Library of Congress Subject Headings: 
  • Country Music
  • Country Musicians
  • Folk Music
  • Singers-Tennessee (Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina)
  • Traditional Singers
  • Women Country Musicians
  • Bluegrass Music
  • Old-Time Music
  • String Band Music
  • Rockabilly Music
Clipping Files Subject Headings - W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection: 
  • Music - Banjo Music - Dulcimer Music - Fiddle Music - Guitar Musical Instruments
  • - General Musicians – Appalachia
  • Folk Music
  • Black Musicians
  • Carter Family
  • Bristol, TN
Library of Congress Call Numbers: 
  • ML1 through ML 3930
Books: 

Russell, Tony. Country Music Originals: The Legends & the Lost. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML394.R87 2007]
-Contains stories, social and historical context, and critical judgment of country musicians from the 20s and 30s.

Malone, Bill C. Country Music USA: A Fifty-Year History. Publications of the American Folklore Society, v. 54. Austin: published for the American Folklore Society by the University of Texas Press, 1968. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML3524.M34]
-Known as the “definitive history of American country music,” the books covers country music’s roots as well as country music into the year 2000.

Malone, Bill C. Singing Cowboys and Musical Mountaineers: Southern Culture and the Roots of Country Music. Mercer University Lamar Memorial Lectures, v. 34. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1993. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML3551. M36 1993]
-Malone remembers fiddlers, pickers, balladeers, and yodelers by looking at the roots of country music as “hillbilly music” and where it came from.

Wolfe, Charles K. Classic Country: Legends of Country Music. New York: Routledge, 2001. Print. [ASU MUSIC STACKS ML385. W64 2001]
-Wolfe, known as the country music authority, covers artists from the start of country music who influenced the industry for years to come.

Green, Douglas B. Classic Country Singers. Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 2008. Print. [PSCC Library Stacks, 2nd Floor ML400 G728 2008]
-Green covers singers in the first fifty years of commercial country music including beginnings of bluegrass, honky-tonk, western swing, and more.

Tick, Judith, and Paul E. Beaudoin. Music in the USA: A Documentary Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print. Pages 495-502, [ASU MUSIC STACKS ML200.M89 2008]

Guides, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries: 

Wolff, Kurt, and Orla Duane. Country Music: The Rough Guide. Music reference series. London: Rough Guides, 2000. Print. [ASU MUSIC REFERENCE ML3524.C678 2000]

Kingsbury, Paul. The Encyclopedia of Country Music: The Ultimate Guide to the Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL OVSZ ML102.C7 E54 1998]

Carlin, Richard. The Big Book of Country Music: A Biographical Encyclopedia. New York: Penguin, 1995. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML102.C7 C28 1995]

The Comprehensive Country Music Encyclopedia. New York: Times Books, 1994. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML102.C7 C6 1994]

Stambler, Irwin, Grelun Landon, and Irwin Stambler. Country Music: The Encyclopedia. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. Print. [ASU MUSIC REFERENCE ML102.F66 S7 2000]

Biracree, Tom. The Country Music Almanac. New York: Prentice Hall General Reference, 1993. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML3524.B57 1993]

Erlewine, Michael. All Music Guide to Country: The Experts' Guide to the Best Recordings in Country Music. AMG all music guide series. San Francisco, CA: Miller Freeman, 1997. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML156.4.C7 A45 1997]

Oermann, Robert K, and Douglas B. Green. The Listener's Guide to Country Music. New York, N.Y: Facts on File, 1983. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML3524 .O35 1983]

 

 

Bibliographies: 

Russell, Tony, and Bob Pinson. Country Music Records: A Discography, 1921-1942. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML156.4.C7 R87 2004]

Meade, Guthrie T, Richard K. Spottswood, and Douglas S. Meade. Country Music Sources: A Biblio-Discography of Commercially Recorded Traditional Music. Chapel Hill, N.C: Southern Folklife Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries in Association with the John Edwards Memorial Forum, 2002. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML156.4.F5 M43 2002]

Smyth, Willie. Country Music Recorded Prior to 1943: A Discography of Lp Reissues. JEMF special series, no. 14. Los Angeles, Calif. (Los Angeles 90024: John Edwards Memorial Forum at the Folklore and Mythology Center, University of California, 1984. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML156.4.C7 S65 1984]

Russell, Tony, and Bob Pinson. Country Music Records: A Discography, 1921-1942. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML156.4.C7 R87 2004]

Meade, Guthrie T, Richard K. Spottswood, and Douglas S. Meade. Country Music Sources: A Biblio-Discography of Commercially Recorded Traditional Music. Chapel Hill, N.C: Southern Folklife Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries in Association with the John Edwards Memorial Forum, 2002. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML156.4.F5 M43 2002]

Smyth, Willie. Country Music Recorded Prior to 1943: A Discography of Lp Reissues. JEMF special series, no. 14. Los Angeles, Calif. (Los Angeles 90024: John Edwards Memorial Forum at the Folklore and Mythology Center, University of California, 1984. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML156.4.C7 S65 1984]

Bogdanov, Vladimir, Chris Woodstra, and Stephen T. Erlewine. All Music Guide to Country: The Definitive Guide to Country Music. San Francisco: Backbeat Books, 2003. Print. [ASU MUSIC REFERENCE ML156.4.C7 A45 2003]

Tonachel, Ruth. Country Music Before World War Two: A Selected Bibliography. Washington, D.C: Library of Congress, Archive of Folk Song, 1978. Print. [U.S. Documents (2nd floor) LC 1.12/2:C 83/3]

Journals: 

Country Music Annual. Lexington, Ky: University Press of Kentucky, 2000. Print. [ASU SPEC APP COLL ML3523.C662]

The Country Music Association Directory. Nashville, TN: Country Music Association, 2000. Print. [ASU MUSIC REFERENCE ML3524.C67]

Moore, Thurston. The Country Music Who's Who. Denver, etc: Heather Publications, etc., 1960. Print. [ASU MUSIC STACKS ML1.C918]

Compiled by: 

Compiler: Skye McFarland, 1 December 2010

Subject: