Heritage Arts Workshops in Central Appalachia

Scope: 

Originating from various periods of folk revival during the 20th century, a variety of programs have been established in Appalachia to preserve and transmit the traditional arts. Workshops are held in crafts, music, dance, verbal lore, and other folkways (including foodways, woodslore, etc.). These programs emphasize Appalachian heritage, but often include folk arts from other traditions. Workshops are commonly held at festivals, camps, and schools, and most are associated with nonprofit organizations and educational institutions. This pathfinder addresses traditional arts workshops held at colleges, universities, folk schools, and settlement schools in Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia. (No programs were found in Virginia.) Programs that primarily offer week-long workshops are emphasized, and short workshops held at weekend festivals are excluded. Although workshop programs are frequently held in a variety of venues, a comprehensive guide to museums, archives, historical societies, craft guilds, folk festivals, craft fairs, and fiddlers’ conventions is beyond the scope of this project.

Introductory Text: 

General:

Becker, Jane S. “Craft Revival.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 853–854. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Blaustein, Richard. “Folk Music Revivals.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 1157–1159. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Patterson, Beverly B. “Cultural Institutions.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 1459–1464. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Specific Programs:

Alvic, Phyllis. “Weaving Room of Crossnore School.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 835–836. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Augusta Heritage Center. Augusta: An American Folk Arts Program in the West Virginia Hills. Elkins, WV: Augusta Heritage Center, 2000. Film. DVDisc 54 ASU Appalachian Collection Video.

Baugh, Carol. “Hindman Settlement School.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 806. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

-----. “Pine Mountain Settlement School.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 817–818. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

“Blue Ridge Old-Time Music Week.” Mars Hill College. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.mhc.edu/oldtimemusic

Henson, Sändra. “John C. Campbell Folk School.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 806–807. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

“History: Student Crafts.” Berea College. Official Website. 2012. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.berea.edu/student-crafts/history/

Malone, Caroline. “Arrowmont School of Arts and Crafts.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 776–777. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

“A Short History of Penland School of Crafts.” Penland School of Crafts. Official Website. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://penland.org/about/history.html.

Smith, Dean. “College Chief Takes a Fancy to Fathering Folk-Music Fest.” Charlotte Observer 1 Aug. 1993: n. pag. Print. Warren Wilson College Folder ASU Appalachian Collection Clippings File.

Library of Congress Subject Headings: 

Highly Relevant:

Appalachian Region, Southern -- Social Life and Customs

Education, Rural -- Kentucky -- History

Hand Weaving -- Appalachian Region -- History

Handicraft

Handicraft Industries -- Appalachian Region, Southern -- History -- 20th Century

Hindman Settlement School -- History

John C. Campbell Folk School

Penland School of Handicrafts, Penland, N.C.

Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Southern Highland Handicraft Guild

Also Relevant:

Adult Education -- Tennessee -- History

Appalachian Region -- Encyclopedias

Appalachians (People)

Arts and Crafts Movement

Davis and Elkins College -- History

Decorative Arts -- Southern States

Handicraft -- Appalachian Region, Southern -- History -- 20th Century

Popular Culture -- Appalachian Region, Southern

Rural Schools -- Kentucky

Social Classes -- Appalachian Region, Southern

Workshops (Adult Education) -- North Carolina – Asheville

More General:

Appalachian Mountains -- Periodicals

Appalachian Region -- Bibliography

Appalachian Region -- Congresses

Appalachian Region, Southern

Appalachian Region, Southern -- Bibliography

Appalachian Region, Southern -- Biography

Appalachian Region, Southern -- Economic Conditions

Appalachian Region, Southern -- Periodicals

Appalachian Region, Southern -- Social Conditions

Appalachian Region, Southern -- Songs and Music

Appalachians (People)

Appalachians (People) -- Periodicals

Artisans -- United States

Folk Music -- Kentucky -- Bibliography

Folk Music -- United States -- Bibliography

Folk Music -- United States -- Discography

Folk Songs, English -- Kentucky -- Bibliography

Folklore -- Kentucky -- Periodicals

Folklore -- North America -- Encyclopedias

Folklore -- United States -- Dictionaries

Handicraft--Southern States

Handicraft -- United States

Kentucky -- Social Life and Customs -- Periodicals

Kentucky -- Songs and Music -- Bibliography

North America -- Social Life and Customs -- Encyclopedias

Tennessee, East -- Encyclopedias

United States -- Social Life and Customs -- Dictionaries

West Virginia -- Encyclopedias

West Virginia -- Social Life and Customs

Related:

Artisans -- United States -- Directories

Campbell, Olive D. (Olive Dame), 1882-1954

Festivals -- United States -- Periodicals

Fiddlers -- Southern States

Folk Music

Folk Music -- Appalachian Region

Folk Music -- Appalachian Region, Southern

Folk Music -- West Virginia -- History and Criticism

Handicraft -- United States -- Directories

Old-Time Music

Old-Time Music -- Southern States

Sloop, Mary T. Martin, 1873-1962

Clipping Files Subject Headings - W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection: 

Highly Relevant:

Berea College, Berea, Kentucky

Crossnore, North Carolina

John C. Campbell Folk School, Brasstown, North Carolina

Mars Hill College, Mars Hill, North Carolina

Penland School, Penland, North Carolina

Warren Wilson College, Swannanoa, North Carolina

Also Relevant:

Education – Adult

Education – Colleges and Universities

Fairs and Festivals

Folk Schools

Handicrafts

Southern Highland Folk Art Center and Handicraft Guild

More General:

Art – Appalachia

Dance

Folk Art

Folk Music

Folklore

Music – Appalachia

Music – Banjo

Music – Dulcimer

Music – Fiddle

Music – Guitar

Pottery

Quilting

Weaving

Woodworking

Related:

Culture – Appalachia

Education – North Carolina

Fiddlers' Conventions and Music Festivals

Historical Preservation

Museums

Musical Instruments – General

Poverty Workers

Recreation

Recreation Development

Yesteryear

Library of Congress Call Numbers: 

Highly Relevant:

LD 1461 .D42 A85

LD 1461 .D465 S56

LD 2601 .J79 C66

NK 410 .P4 P45

NK 811 .T47

NX 510 .W4 M56

R 154 .S515 A3

TT 24 .T2 A77

TT 25 .B47 B47

TT 848 .A716

TT 848 .A7122

TT 848 .A7123

TT 848 .A7124

TT 848 .F6

Also Relevant:

F 106 .E53

F 217 .A65 B43

F 217 .A65 W47

HD 2346 .U52 A1273

LD 1461 .D42 T87

NK 814 .E2

More General:

F 106 .A6

F 216 .2 .A66

F 217 .A65 S52

F 241 .W47

F 442.1 .E35

GR 1 .K42

GR 101 .A54

GR 103 .M5

GR 105 .34 .A94

HC 107 .K4 S58

ML 128 .F74 F4

ML 128 .F74 M5

TT 23 .N37

Z 1251 .A7 A6

Related:

LD 1461 .D42 R67

ML 3551 .M55

R 154 .S515 C65

Books: 

Alvic, Philis. Weavers of the Southern Highlands. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2003. Print. TT 848 .A716 2003 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Barker, Garry. The Handcraft Revival in Southern Appalachia, 1930-1990. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1991. Print. HD 2346 .U52 A1273 1991 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Becker, Jane S. Selling Tradition: Appalachia and the Construction of an American Folk, 1930-1940. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1998. Print. F 217 .A65 B43 1998 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Eaton, Allen Hendershott. Handicrafts of the Southern Highlands. New York: Dover Publications, 1973. Print. NK 814 .E2 1973 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Whisnant, David E. All That is Native & Fine : The Politics of Culture in an American Region. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1983. Print. F 217 .A65 W47 1983 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Guides, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries: 

Axelrod, Allen, Harry Oster, and Walton Rawls, eds. “Folk Revival.” The Penguin Dictionary of American Folklore. New York: Penguin, 2000. 201-202. Print. GR 105 .34 .A94 2000 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Bronner, Simon J. Encyclopedia of American Folklife. 4 vols. New York: Sharpe, 2006. 395-398, 414-418, 914-918, and 1006-1009. Print. GR 105 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Brunvand, Jan Harold, ed. American Folklore: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland, 1996. 794 pp. Print. GR 101 .A54 1996 ASU Appalachian Collection Oversized.

Miller, Terry E., ed. “Folksong Revival and Protest.” Folk Music in America: A Reference Guide. New York: Garland, 1986. 184-188. Print. ML 128 .F74 M5 1986 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Patterson, Beverly B. “Cultural Institutions.” Ed. Rudy Abramson & Jean Haskell. Encyclopedia of Appalachia 2006: 1459–1464. Print. F 106 .E53 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Stokely, Jim, and Jeff D. Johnson, eds. “Festivals and Events.”An Encyclopedia of East Tennessee. Oak Ridge: Children’s Museum of Oak Ridge, 1981. 188-190. Print. F 442.1 .E35 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Sullivan, Ken, ed. The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Charleston: West Virginia Humanities Council, 2006. 32, 34, 177-178, 185, 248-249, 250-251. Print. F 241 .W47 2006 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Bibliographies: 

Appalachian Bibliography, 1980. Morgantown: West Virginia U Library, 1980. 1285 pp. Print. Z 1251 .A7 A6 1980 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Brown, Jo B., comp. “Annual Bibliography.” Journal of Appalachian Studies. V. 1- . Biannual. Morgantown: Regional Research Institute, West Virginia U for the Appalachian Studies Association, 1995- . n. pag. Print. F106 .J74 ASU Appalachian Collection. (The “Annual Bibliography” is published each spring for the previous year.)

Feintuch, Burt. “Festivals.” Kentucky Folkmusic: An Annotated Bibliography Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 1985. 71-74. Print. ML 128 .F74 F4 1985 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Martin, Charles E. “Kentucky’s Traditional Arts and Crafts: A Bibliography.” Kentucky Folklore Record 31.1-4 (1985): 1–94. Print. GR 1 .K42 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Abstracts and Indices: 

Print:

Ballard, Sandra L., ed. “Appalachian Journal Index: 1996-2001, Vol. 24 No. 1-Vol. 28 No. 3.” Appalachian Journal 28.4 (Summer 2001): 408-519. Print. F216 .2 .A66 v. 28 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Hadley, Robert Bruce, comp. “Index to the Appalachian Journal, Vols. 8-18, 1980-1991.” Appalachian Journal 18.4 (Summer 1991): 353-482. Print. F216 .2 .A66 v. 18 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Thompson, Deborah J., comp. Index for Student Research Papers. Boone: Center for Appalachian Studies, 1987. 14 leaves. Print. F 217 .A65 T54 1987 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Williamson, J.W., ed. “Appalachian Journal Index: 1991-1996, Vol. 19 No. 1-Vol. 23 No. 3.” Appalachian Journal 23.4 (Summer 1996): 352-479. Print. F216 .2 .A66 v. 23 ASU Appalachian Collection.

----- and Edwin T. Arnold, eds. “Index: The Appalachian Journal Index Volumes 1-7, 1972-1980.” Appalachian Journal 7.4 (Summer 1980): 277–453. Print. F216 .2 .A66 v. 7 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Websites:

“2012 Music Camp Directory.” Folk Alliance International. Official Website. 2012. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.folkalliance.org/enjoy-folk/2012-music-camp-directory/

WV Division of Culture and History. “Goldenseal Index.” Goldenseal: The Magazine of West Virginia Folk Life. Government Website. Web. 6 Dec. 2012. <http://www.wvculture.org/goldenseal/gsindex.html

Online Databases:

(accessed through ASU library web page under Article Databases and E-Research Tools)

America: History and Life with Full Text: Provides access to journal articles, book reviews, and dissertations relating to United States and Canadian history and culture. Relevant topics include Popular Culture, American Studies, Literature/Folklore, Interdisciplinary Studies, Anthropology, Sociology, Education, Music, and Art. Sources date from 1955 to present.

Art Full Text: Includes relevant subjects such as archaeology, architecture, art history, crafts, decorative arts, film, painting, photography, sculpture, and textiles. Sources date from 1984, with monthly updates to present. Relevant subjects include folk music and music education.

International Index to Music Periodicals: Contains reviews and articles about music and music-related fields. Includes all genres and covers 1874 to the present.

JSTOR: contains over 1,500 academic journals, books, and primary sources in a wide variety of subjects. Back issues (up to 2008) of Appalachian Journal are available here.

MLA International Bibliography: Includes resources on language-related topics, including folklore dating from 1926.

ProQuest Historical Newspapers: Includes full-text newspaper articles dating from 1764.

Search subject headings separately and in combination for each database:

Highly Relevant:

Arrowmont Craft*

Arrowmont Weav*

Augusta Heritage

Berea Fireside

Campbell Brasstown

Campbell Folk School

Crossnore Weav*

Hindman Settlement School

Penland School

Penland Weav*

Pine Mountain Settlement School

Swannanoa Gathering

 Also Relevant:

Berea College

Davis and Elkins College

Mars Hill College

Warren Wilson College

More General:

Appalachi*

Art*

Arts Workshop

Craft*

Craft Revival

Fireside Industries

Folk*

Folk School

Handicraft

Heritage Tourism

Kentucky

Music

North Carolina

Settlement School

Tennessee

Virginia

West Virginia

Workshop

Related:

Back-to-the-Land

Bluegrass

Craft Fair

Craft Festival

Craft Guild

Fiddlers’ Convention

Folk Festival

Folk Revival

Hillbilly Recordings

Old-Time

Journals: 

Appalachian Journal. V. 1- . Quarterly. Boone, NC: n.p., 1972- . n. pag. Print. F 216.2 .A66 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Berea College and Council of the Southern Mountains. Mountain Life & Work. V. 1-60. Quarterly. Berea, KY: Berea College, 1925-1984. Print. GR103 .M5 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Bluegrass Unlimited. V. 1- . Monthly. Warrenton, VA: Bluegrass Unlimited, Inc.1967-present. n. pag. Print. ML1 .B68 ASU Appalachian Collection. (ASU has scattered issues.)

Goldenseal. V. 1- . Quarterly. Charleston: West Virginia Department of Commerce, 1975- . n. pag. Print. F241 .G64 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Journal of Appalachian Studies. V. 1- . Biannual. Morgantown: Regional Research Institute, West Virginia U for the Appalachian Studies Association, 1995- . n. pag. Print. F106 .J74 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Old-Time Herald. V. 1- . Quarterly. Galax, VA: Old-Time Music Group, 1987- . n. pag. Print. ML1 .O35 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Websites: 

“About Augusta.” Augusta Heritage Center of Davis & Elkins College. Official Website. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <https://augustaheritagecenter.org/about-augusta/

“Arrowmont School of Arts and Crafts.” Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.arrowmont.org/

“Blue Ridge Old-Time Music Week.” Mars Hill College. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.mhc.edu/oldtimemusic

“Crossnore Weavers: A Working Museum.” Official Website. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.crossnoreweavers.org/

“Hindman Settlement School.” Hindman Settlement School. Official Website. 2012. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.hindmansettlement.org/about-us

“History.” Pine Mountain Settlement School. Official Website. Web. 6 Dec. 2012. <http://www.pinemountainsettlementschool.com/history.php

 “History: Student Crafts.” Berea College. Official Website. 2012. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.berea.edu/student-crafts/history/

“History.” The Swannanoa Gathering. Official Website. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.swangathering.com/about-us/history.html

“A Short History of Penland School of Crafts.” Penland School of Crafts. Official Website. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://penland.org/about/history.html

“A Unique History.” John C. Campbell Folk School. Official Website. 2012. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <https://www.folkschool.org/index.php?section=articles&article_cat_id=21&...

Other Sources: 

Reviews

Peyton, David. “Appalachian Culture Boom.” Nation. 221.15 (1975): 465-467. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 Sept. 2012.

Shapiro, Henry D. “Creating Community and Culture in Appalachia: Folk Schools and the Crafts Revival,” and “The Folksong Revival and the Integration of the Mountaineers into Modern American Civilization: The Triumph of Pluralism.” Appalachia On Our Mind: The Southern Mountains and Mountaineers in the American Consciousness, 1870-1920. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1978. 213-265. Print. F 217 .A65 S52 c.3 ASU Appalachian Collection.

Compiled by: 

Brittany R. Hicks

December 6, 2012

Subject: