This pathfinder contains materials written about the early home missions movement covering the years 1880-1940, which includes the local color writing period, the Christian America movement, the Social Gospel movement, and the early crafts revival activity. The years 1880-1940 saw major changes happen in the Southern Appalachians primarily as the result of influences originating outside the region. Capitalists and missionary intellectuals alike came to the region with the idea of “modernizing” it, and to bring “mainstream” American culture to the area. The missionary intellectuals were mainly from the northern states, such as Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New York. They set up craft schools (settlement and folk schools), established Sunday schools, Vacation Bible Schools and established their personal denominations in the area. Though they came as missionaries, the Southern Mountain region was already predominantly Christian, with many mountain inhabitants belonging to such Baptist denominations as Old Regular Baptists, Old Regular Baptist Universalists, and German Anabaptist denominations such as Mennonites, Moravians, Brethren churches, etc. Other mountaineers were Cherokee, and still others Jewish. All, Christian and otherwise, were seen as prospective converts by missionaries. Though not as well remembered for having done so as the “mainline” Protestant churches, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the Catholic Church, and the Seventh-Day Adventist Church also sent missionaries to the Southern Mountains.
McCauley, Deborah V. Appalachian Mountain Religion: A History. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1995.
ASU SPEC APP COLL BR 535.M38 1995
Albanese, Catherine L. America: Religions and Religion. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Pub. Co., 1981.
ASU MAIN STACKS BL2530.U6 A43
Campbell, John C. The Southern Highlander and His Homeland.  Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Co. 1973.
ASU SPEC APP COLL F210.C2 1973
Dorgan, Howard. The Old Regular Baptists of Central Appalachia: Brothers and Sisters in Hope. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989.
ASU SPEC APP COLL BX6389 .D67 1989
Goodykoontz, Colin B. Home Missions on the American Frontier.  New York: Octagon Books. 1971
Hooker, Elizabeth R. Religion in the Highlands. New York: The Home Missions Council. 1933.
ASU SPEC APP COLL BV2793.H6
Shapiro, Henry. Appalachia On Our Mind. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1978.
ASU SPEC APP COLL F217.A65 S52
To Win the West; Missionary Viewpoints, 1814-1815. Religion in America Series, II.  New York: Arno Press, 1972.
ASU SPEC APP COLL BR540.T6 1972
Abramson, Rudy and Haskell, Jean. Encyclopedia of Appalachia. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006.
(See: Outsiders and Summer People, p. 229; Protestant Missionary Communities, p. 1345)
Appalachian Bibliography, 1980. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Library, 1980.
(See: Missions and Missionaries)
ASU SPEC APP COLL Z1251.A7 A6 1980
Bibliography of Southern Appalachia. Boone, NC: Appalachian Consortium Press, 1967.
(See: Missions and Missionaries; Religion and Religious Bodies)
AUS SPEC APP COLL Z1251.A7 B5x
America: History and Life. EbscoHost. Western North Carolina Library System, Carol Grotnes Belk Library. http://0-web.ebscohost.com.wncln.wncln.org/ehost/search?vid=1&hid=4&sid=26f65733-6030-493d-9d44-7cfc0226ee83%40sessionmgr10
American Missionary. The American Missionary Association. New York: The Association, 1846-1934. WCU microfilm Scattered issues (1846-1914)
Annual report of the Student Associate Mission. Episcopal Church. Missionary District of Asheville. Student Associate Mission. [North Carolina?: Student Associate Mission, 1906-?]
ASU SPEC APP COLL CLOSED BX5969 .A66 Bound: 3rd (Summer 1908)
CORAspondent. The Commission on Religion in Appalachia. Knoxville, Tenn.: The Commission. ASU SPEC APP COLL BV625 .C67 Scattered issues (1982-2002)
Minutes... Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Woman's Executive Committee for Home Missions. New York : The Committee. 1878-1897.
Mountain life and work. Council of the Southern Mountains. Berea, Ky.: Berea College,
ASU SPEC APP COLL GR103 .M5 Bound: v.1-17; v.20-42; v.44-64, 1988
Microfilm: v.1, 1925-v.52, 1976
Blethen, H. Tyler. Rev. of Appalachian Mountain Religion: A History, by Deborah Vansau McCauley. Georgia Historical Quarterly (1995) 79(4): 962-963.
McCauley, Deborah Vansau. Rev. of The Old Regular Baptists of Central Appalachia: Brothers and Sisters in Hope, by Howard Dorgan. Georgia Historical Quarterly (1990) 76(4): 761-763.
American Home Missionary Society. American Home Missionary Society Papers, 1816-1894. WCU microfilm 310, various reels
Davison, Dexter Ralph, Jr. Frederick W. Neve: Mountain Mission Education in Virginia, 1888-1948. (Ph.D. diss., University of Virginia, 1982).
ASU SPEC APP COLL MIC Micro-Fiche 46
Hoffman, Robert John. Catholic Evangelization in Mission Communities in Rural Appalachia: Reflections on Personal and Glenmary Experiences. (Ph.D. diss., Lancaster Theological Seminary, 1993.)
ASU SPEC APP COLL MIC Micro- Fiche 176
Plattner, Elissa May. How Beautiful Upon the Mountains: the Sisters of Divine Providence and their mission to Kentucky Appalachia. (Ph.D. diss., University of Cincinnati, 1987).
SPEC APP COLL MIC Micro-fiche F682
Pollitt, Phoebe Ann. Emily Prudden and Her Schools. (Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina, Greensboro 1994.)
ASU SPEC APP COLL MIC Micro- Fiche 132
Compiler: Erica Collins, 9 November 1998
Updated: Blaze Pappas, 8 October 2009