Hunting in Appalachia

Scope: 

Hunting has always been an integral part of Appalachia, both in reality and stereotype.  Even with the advent of rapid industrialization, Appalachia (as well as the rest of the American South*) has clung to the tradition of hunting, for both sustenance and sport.  Appalachians are frequently viewed (from within and without) as an “outdoor” people, more connected to nature than more urban parts of the United States.  Consequently, much of the literature on Appalachia, both fiction and non-fiction. includes at least a passing reference to hunting.  Like many other self-sustaining habits, hunting has been derided as unnecessary, with no place in “modern” American society – perhaps explaining the smaller amount of specific information on the subject, especially when compared to other Appalachian-related topics.   Indeed, if we look beyond a Eurocentric view to even earlier inhabitants of Appalachia, hunting has yet a more prominent place in the region’s study.  Finally, even in an area with a strong hunting tradition, the continual erosion of Appalachian folkways creates an impetus to collect and record the older contexts and methods of hunting.

* Information on hunting in the American South is equally applicable to an Appalachian context, and in many cases is the only available reference.

Introductory Text: 

The following texts contain good, general information of the practice of hunting in the southern highlands.

Moore, Warren.  Mountain Voices: A Legacy of the Blue Ridge and Great Smokies.  Chester, CT: The Globe Pequot Press, 1988.  See pp. 259-266 Hunting and Fishing.  ASU App. Coll. Oversize F217.A65 M66 1988.

“Hunting,”  Foxfire.  4.1 (Spring/Summer 1970): 8-17.  ASU App. Coll. GR1.F59.

Marks, Stuart A.  “Hunting.”  Encyclopedia of Southern Culture.  Ed. Charles Reagan Wilson and William Ferris.  Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989, pp. 1228-1230.  ASU App. Coll. Oversize F209.E53 1989.

Lincks, F. M.  Memoirs of a Kentucky Boy.  New York, NY: Vantage Press, 1960.  pp. 11-23.  ASU App. Coll. SK17.L53 A3.

Library of Congress Subject Headings: 

As there are few book length sources that address Appalachian hunting exclusively, the researcher is best served by searching information on hunting by individual states that comprise parts of Appalachia.

Highly Relevant:

Hunting – North Carolina

Hunting – Tennessee

Hunting – Social Aspects—North Carolina

Hunting – Social Aspects – Southern States

Hunting – Psychological Aspects – Southern States

Hunting – Southern States

Hunting – West Virginia

Hunting – Kentucky

Hunting – Great Smoky Mountains (NC and Tennessee)

Also Relevant:

Appalachian Region, Southern – Social Life and Customs

Appalachians (People) – Social Life and Customs      

Diet – Appalachian Region

Hunting – Appalachian Region, Southern – Equipment and Supplies

Hunting – Kentucky – Statistics – Periodicals

Southern States Social Life and Customs

General:

Hunting – Bibliography

Hunting – Abstracts

Hunting and Gathering Societies – North America

Hunting and Gathering Societies – United States

Hunting – United States – History – 20th Century

Hunting – Anecdotes

Hunting Customs – United States – History – 20th Century

Hunting – Indians

Hunting – Indians of North America

Clipping Files Subject Headings - W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection: 

The clippings files contain, by far, the largest amount of information pertaining to this subject.          

Highly Relevant:

Hunting

Bears

Deer (Wildlife)

Also Relevant:

Wildlife Conservation

 Related:

 Firearms

Wilderness Areas

Cherokee Indians

Cherokee Indians – History

Indians of North America – History

Library of Congress Call Numbers: 

SK33

SK43

SK113

SK142

SK273

SK305

SK323

SK325

Books: 

There appears to be no predominant, often consulted reference for this subject.

Guides, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries: 

Bickers, C. Doyle. “Hunting and Fishing Lore.” The Encyclopedia of Appalachia. Rudy Abramson and Jean Haskell, eds. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press, 2006 pp. 871-73. ASU App. Coll. F106 .E53 2006.

Camp, Raymond R. The New Hunter's Encyclopedia. Harrisburg, Pa: Stackpole Books, 1966. Print.  WCU SK33 .H8 1966.

Cantrell, Geoffrey. “Bear Hunting.” The Encyclopedia of Appalachia. Rudy Abramson and Jean Haskell, eds. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press, 2006 pp. 1372-73. ASU App. Coll. F106 .E53 2006.

 Marks, Stuart A.  “Hunting.”  Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. Ed. Charles Reagan Wilson and William Ferris.  Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989, pp. 1228-1230. ASU App. Coll. Oversize F209.E53 1989.

Marks, Stuart A. “Hunting.” The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture vol 14: Folklife. Glenn Hinson and William Ferries, vol. eds.  Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2009 pp. 137-142. ASU Main Stacks. F209 .N47 2006.

McDade, Arthur. “Hunting and Fishing.” The Encyclopedia of Appalachia. Rudy Abramson and Jean Haskell, eds. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press, 2006 pp. 1387-89. ASU App. Coll. F106 .E53 2006.

Nickell, Joe and Nicky Hughes. “Kentucky Rifle.” The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Ed John E. Kleber. Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1992 pp. 209-210.  ASU App. Coll. F451 .K413 1992.

Prewitt, Wiley and Tom Rankin. “Hunting Dogs.” The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture vol 14: Folklife. Glenn Hinson and William Ferries, vol. eds.  Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2009 pp. 142-149. ASU Main Stacks. F209 .N47 2006.

Smith, Gerald L. “Long Hunters.” The Encyclopedia of Appalachia. Rudy Abramson and Jean Haskell, eds. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press, 2006 pp 323-24. ASU App. Coll. F106 .E53 2006.

Bibliographies: 

Appalachian Bibliography.  Morgantown, WV: 1980. ASU App. Coll. Z1251.A7 A6 1980.

Appalachian Oral History Project Union Catalog, The.  Appalachian Oral History Project, 1977. ASU App. Coll. Z1251.A7 A74.

Brown, Jo. B. Appalachian Studies Bibliography 1940-2010. West Virginia University Libraries. 1994. Web. 25 Oct 2011. 

Abstracts and Indices: 

A search with the terms “hunting” and “Appalachia” returned results from the following sources:

JSTOR  (http://www.jstor.org)

Project Muse (http://muse.jhu.edu/search/)

Journals: 

Appalachian Journal.  Quarterly publication.  Boone, NC: Appalachian Consortium Press, 1972  – present.  ASU App. Coll. F216.2.A66.

Appalachian Heritage. Quarterly publication. Hindman, KY: Appalachian Heritage Inc., 1973 – present.  ASU App. Coll. F106.A137 A6.

Journal of Appalachian Studies. Semi-annual publication. Huntington, WV: Appalachian Studies Association Press, 1995 – present. ASU App. Coll. F106 .J74.

Foxfire.  Quarterly publication.  Rabun Gap, GA: Southern Highlands Literary Fund, Incorporated, 1967 – present.  ASU App. Coll. GR1.F59.

Mountain Life and Work. Monthly, bi-monthly, and quarterly publication. Berea, KY: Berea College Press, 1925-1988. GR103 .M5.

Websites: 

Academic Search Tools

A search with the terms “hunting” AND “Appalachia” returned results from the following source (as relevant literature is always on the increase, frequent searches are suggested)

MLA (OCLC Online @ http://firstsearch.oclc.org)

World Cat (OCLC Online @ http://firstsearch.oclc.org)

Other Sources: 

Any number of commonly available hunting magazines (non-scholarly) frequently contain articles and information of varying relevance to this Pathfinder’s subject, usually of a more practical/technical nature. The ASU Belk Library Periodicals section contains copies of Field & Stream.

Compiled by: 

Paul L. Robertson
10 Dec. 2002

Updated by: 

William Lindley
5 Oct. 2011