The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) became the largest women's organization to date during the temperance movement of the late 19 th and early 20 th century. All states in the Appalachian region had active state and local chapters of the WCTU. However, the WCTU in Appalachia has not been analyzed nearly as much as chapters outside the region, and therefore, more general information about the national organization must also be used for research. Much of the information specific to Appalachia will come from more general works on temperance and prohibition issues in Appalachia as well as possible primary sources outside of the Appalachian Collection. The combination of general and specific works provides a foundation for further research on the WCTU in Appalachia .
Dean, Meredith, Gosden, Susan R., Howe, Barbara J., Hasbrouck, Clara, Henson, Sandra, and Riverstone, Lori. "Women's Groups." Encyclopedia of Appalachia. Ed. Abramson, Ruth and Haskell, Jean. Knoxville : The University of Tennessee Press, 2006. Page 193. ASU Appalachian Collection. F 106.E53 2006
Bordin, Ruth. Woman and Temperance: The Quest for Power and Liberty, 1873-1900. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981. ASU Main Stacks. HV 5229.B67
Benowitz, June Melby. Encyclopedia of American Women and Religion. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC - CLIO, 1998. ASU Main Stacks. BL 2525.B45 1998
Cherrington, Ernest Hurst. Standard Encyclopedia of the Alcohol Problem. Westerville, OH: American Issue Publishing Company, 1925-1930. ASU Main Stacks. HV 5017.S7 v. 1-6
Kleber, John E. The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1992. ASU Appalachian Collection. F451.K413 1992
Lender, Mark Edward. Dictionary of American Temperance Biography: From Temperance Reform to Alcohol Research, the 1600s to the 1980s. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1984. ASU Mains Stacks. HV 5292.8.L46 1984
Wilson, Charles Reagan and Ferris, William. Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989. ASU Appalachian Collection. F 209.E53 1989
Appalachian Bibliography. Morgantown , WV: West Virginia University Library, 1980. #6740. ASU Appalachian Collection. Z 1251.A7 A6 1980
Bryant, Ron D. Kentucky History: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000. Pages 361, 363, 364, 186, 199. ASU Appalachian Collection. Z 1287.B79 2000
Smith, Sam B. Tennessee History, A Bibliography. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1974. Pages 208, 209. ASU Appalachian Collection. Z 1337.S55
"Social Reforms." Women in Tennessee History: A Bibliography. www.mtsu.edu/~library/wtn/wtn-soc.html
Thorton, Mary Lindsay. A Bibliography of North Carolina, 1589-1956. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1958. #100082. ASU Appalachian Collection. Z 1319.T495
America : History and Life
Allen, Crystal Hart. "The History of Cameron, West Virginia." Marshall County WVGenWeb. November 6, 2006. www.rootsweb.com/~wvmarsha/crystal.htm
"Black WCTU" North Carolina Civil Rights Timeline . North Carolina Museum of History. November 6, 2006. www.king-raleigh.org/history/nccivilrightstimeline.htm
"Women" page contains WV WCTU information. West Virginia Division of Culture and History . November 6, 2006. www.wvculture.org/history
Blacksville, WV Woman's Christian Temperance Union Minutes . West Virginia University: West Virginia and Regional History Collection.
Jonesborough, TN Woman's Christian Temperance Union Minutes . East Tennessee State University: Archives of Appalachia.
Morgantown, WV Woman's Christian Temperance Union Documents . West Virginia University: West Virginia and Regional History Collection.
West Virginia State WCTU Documents . West Virginia University: West Virginia and Regional History Collection.
WCTU Librarian/Archivist Virginia Beatty *Contact information can be found at www.wctu.org)
Compiler: Anna Rachel Terman, 30 November 2006