Dialect of Southern Appalachia


This pathfinder is designed with the hope that others who have an interest in Southern Appalachian dialect will be able to derive positive information from its structure. There is a distinct line between scholarly research and “humorous” research on this topic and even in scholarly research the reader needs to be aware of a sometimes condescending tone.

Introductory Text: 

Christain, Donna and Walt Wolfram. Appalachian Speech . Arlington, Virginia: The Center for Applied Linguistics. 1976. ASU APP COLL PE2970.A6 W64 l976 c.2

Library of Congress Subject Headings: 
  • English Language - Dialects - Appalachian Region - Southern
  • English Language - Appalachian Region
  • English Language - Dialects -- Appalachian Region
  • English Language - Dialects - Southern States
  • English Language - Provincialism - Kentucky
  • English Language - Provincialism - North Carolina
  • Americanisms - Appalachian Region - Southern
  • Americanisms - Southern States
  • English Language - Provincialism - Appalachian Region - Southern
  • Appalachian Region - Southern
  • English Language - Dialects - Alabama
  • English Language - Dialects - Georgia
  • English Language - Dialects - Kentucky
  • English Language - Dialects - North Carolina
  • English Language - Dialects - Tennessee
  • English Language - Dialects - West Virginia
Clipping Files Subject Headings – W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection: 
  • Dialect
Library of Congress Call Numbers: 
  • PE 2970
  • PE 3l0l
  • PE 2926
  • F 2l7.A65

Fischer, David. Albion’s Seed . New York: Oxford University Press. 1989. 256- 257, 471, 652-655. ASU APP COLL El69.l.F539 v.l.

Kephart, Horace. Our Southern Highlanders . New York: Outing Publishing co. 19l3. 350-378. ASU APP COLL F2l0.K38.

McCrum, Robert, William Cran, and Robert MacNeil. The Story of English . New York: Elisabeth Sifton Books Viking. 1986. 157, l59 - l6l. ASU Main Stacks PEl075.M58 l986.

Montgomery, Michael. “The Roots of Appalachian English: Scotch - Irish or British Southern?” Journal of the Appalachian Studies Association . 3 (1999) 171-8l ASU APP COLL F2l7.A65 J68.

Williams, Cratis D. “Mountain Speech.” Mountain Life and Work . Boone: Appalachian State University. 1961-64. ASU APP COLL PE2970.A6W54 c.3.

Wolfram, Walt and Donna Christian. Appalachian Speech . Arlington, Virginia: Center for Applied Linguistics. 1976. ASU APP COLL PE 2970.A6 W64 1976 c.2.

Farwell, Harold, Jr. and J. Karl Nicholas. Editors. Smoky Mountain Voices: A
Lexicon of Southern Appalachian Speech Based on the Research of Horace Kephart
. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. 1993. ASU APP COLL PE2970.A6 F37 1993.

Cavender, Anthony. Editor. A Folk Medical Lexicon of South Central Appalachia . Johnson City, Tennessee: East Tennessee State University. 1990. ASU APP COLL PE 2970.A6 F64 l990.

Edwards, Dorothy. The Dialect of the Southern Highlander as Recorded in North
Carolina Novels
. Rochester, New York: The University of Rochester. 1935. ASU APP COLL PE3l0l.N76 E l99.

Hackenberg, Robert Gregory. Appalachian English: A Sociolinguistic Study . Georgetown University, Washington D.C. 1973. ASU APP COLL MicF 264.

Christian, Donna. Aspects of Verb Usage in Appalachian Speech . Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. ASU APP COLL MicF 240.

Guides, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries: 

The following encyclopedias and dictionaries contain information on Southern Appalachian Dialect:

Ferris, William and Reagan Wilson. Encyclopedia of Southern Culture . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 1989. 769-69. ASU Reference F209 E53 1989.

Hendrickson, Robert. Mountain Range . New York: Facts on File. 1997. ASU APP COLL Stacks PE 29770A6 H46 l997.

Roller, David C. and Robert W. Twyman. Encyclopedia of Southern History . Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press. 1979. 359-61. ASU Reference F207.7 E52.


Appalachian Bibliography . West Virginia University Library. Morganton, West Virginia. 1980. 577-583. ASU Reference Z1251A6 1980.

Ross, Charlotte. Editor. Bibliography of Southern Appalachia . Boone, NC: Appalachian Consortium. 1976. 77. APP COLL Zl251.A7B5x.

Abstracts and Indices: 

An Index by Region, Usage, & Etymology to the Dictionary of American Regional English . Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. 1993. ASU Reference PE 2843.D52 l995.


Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine . Bound: v.1, Fall 1984 - Current. ASU APP COLL F2l7.A65 N68.

Appalachian Journal: A Regional Studies Review . Bound: v.1 - 1972 -Current. ASU APP COLL F2l6.2.A66.

Journal of Appalachian Studies . Bound: v.1 - 1995. ASU APP COLL F2l7.A65 J 68.

Mountain Life and Work . Bound: v.7, 11-13, 15;v.30, 1957 - v.64, 1988. Microfilm v.1, 1915-v 51, 1976. ASU APP COLL GR103.M5.


American Dialect Society: www.americandialect.org
Center for Applied Linguistics: www.cal.org
Linguistic Society of America: www.lsa@lsadc.org

Other Sources: 

Southern Appalachian Mountains - North Carolina/South Carolina State Line

Compiled by: 

Compiler : Connie Jones Aiken, 11 November 2002