Sustainable Agriculture in Appalachia/West Africa: A Comparative Survey


The Appalachian region and West Africa have striking similarities in terms of their semi-urban economies whose agricultural base is threatened by industrialization and modern capitalist agriculture. The focus of modern agriculture has been on devising innovative methods, sophisticated technology, new crop varieties and agrochemicals to be used in systems that emphasize production yields. Such policies and practices have not always taken into consideration the global environmental, social and economic impact. Consequently, there has been environmental deterioration, contamination of water and food, pollution, loss of biodiversity, and dislocation of the small farmer and the peasant economy and the lack of profitability for the average farmer. This pathfinder is designed as an introduction to the literature and other material about Agriculture in Appalachia/West Africa that is available in the Belk Library or the W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection.

Introductory Text: 

Aecury, Thomas A. Agricultural Diversity and Change in Industrializing Appalachia: An Ecological Analysis of Eastern Kentucky, 1880 to 1910.Lexington: Center for Developmental Change, University of Kentucky, 1988. ASU APP COLL S451.K4 A67 1988.

Delgado, Christopher L. Africa’s Changing Agricultural Development Strategies: Past and Present Paradigms as a Guide to the Future. Washington D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute, 1995. ASU MAIN STACK HD2117.D34 1995.

Library of Congress Subject Headings: 
  • Agriculture
  • Agricultural Conservation Program
  • Agricultural Conservation- United States
  • Agricultural development projects- Africa, West- Congresses
  • Agricultural Diversification
  • Agricultural Ecology
  • Agricultural ecology- United States
  • Agricultural Innovations
  • Agricultural Laborers- Health and Hygiene
  • Agricultural Literature
  • Agricultural Pollution
  • Agricultural resources- Appalachian Region
  • Agriculture - United States
  • Agriculture and state- Africa
  • Agriculture and state- Africa, West
  • Agriculture and State- Environmental Aspects
  • Agriculture- Appalachian Region
  • Agriculture- Economic Aspects
  • Agriculture- Environmental Aspects
  • Agriculture- New River Valley
  • Agriculture- North Carolina- Periodicals
  • Agriculture- North Carolina- Safety Measures- Periodicals
  • Agriculture- Periodicals
  • Agriculture- South Carolina
  • Agriculture- Southern States
  • Agriculture- Technology transfer- Africa, West- Congresses
  • Agriculture- Tropics
  • Agriculture- Virginia
  • Appalachian Region, Southern- Economic Conditions
  • Appalachian Region, Southern- Social Conditions
  • Botany, Economic
  • Conservation of Natural Resources- Appalachian Region- Statistics
  • Cooperative societies- Appalachian Region
  • Ecosystem management- Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Farm life- New River Valley
  • Farm life- Virginia
  • Farm Produce- North Carolina- Marketing
  • Farmer’s cooperative purchasing associations- Appalachian Mountains
  • Farmers- New River Valley
  • Farmers- South Carolina- Spartanburg County
  • Farmers- Virginia
  • Forest Management- Economic Aspects- Appalachian Mountains
  • Integrated water development- Africa West
  • Irrigation- Africa, West
  • Land use- United States
  • North Carolina
  • Poverty- Africa
  • Rural poor- Africa, West
  • Structural adjustment (Economic policy)- Africa, West
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Sustainable Development
  • Sustainable Development- Appalachian Region, Southern
  • Sustainable Forestry
  • Urban agriculture- Africa, West
Clipping Files Subject Headings – W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection: 
  • Agriculture
  • Appalachian Economic Conditions- poverty
  • Environment
  • Economics
  • Farm City- Watauga County, NC
  • Farm Restoration
  • Fruit
  • Watauga County- Farmers’ Market
Library of Congress Call Numbers: 
  • F106.E53, F443.K6
  • G3711.J15
  • HC79.E5, HC107.A13, HC1000.Z9, HC1055.Z7
  • HD1491.U5,HD2140.E36, HD6077.2.U62, HD8039.F32
  • HN49.C6
  • QC851.W6445
  • QH76.5.A, QH541.5.B63
  • S1-S790.3, S916.A5
  • S441-S482 (local)
  • S441-S482 (local) S589.7 (general)
  • S494.5.A39
  • S494.5.D
  • S494.5.S86 (general)
  • S589.75-S589.76, S604.3.D48
  • S604.5-S604.64
  • S604.6-S604.62
  • SB107-SB109, SB273.S94
  • SD139-SD247.5 (local) SD538.3.A358
  • SD387. S87 (general)
  • SH125.A358
  • TD195.A34
  • F106.E53
  • F443.K6 G76
  • GN448.4.C6
  • HD1771.5.M38 A 73 1991
  • HD6077.2.U62
  • S445.V48
  • S451.A137S56
  • SB171.U5 E54 1982
  • SD143.U5
  • SD426.A5 1908

Cathey, Cornelius O. Agriculture in North Carolina Before the Civil War. Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, Dept. Of Cultural Resources, 1974 46P ASU APP COLL STACK S451. N8C32 1974

Coltrane, R.I. and Baum E.L. An Economic Survey of the Appalachian Region, with special reference to Agriculture. Washington: Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1965. 78P ASU APP COLL STACK S507.C46. 1965.

Piedmont Farmer: The Journals of David Golightly Harris, 1855-1870. Knoxville, Tenn.: University of Tennessee Press, 1990. 1st ed. 597P.: 111., Map; 25cm
ASU MAIN STACKS F277.S.& H37 1990

Thoedore E. Fuller and E.L. Baum. Economic Research Service. Employment, Unemployment and Low Incomes in Appalachia. Washington: U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 1965.
ASU APP COLL STACK HC107.A137 U53 1965.

Delgado, Christopher L. Africa’s Changing Agricultural Development Strategies: Past and Present Paradigms as a Guide to the Future. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute, 1995 25p.

Udoh, Valentine James. Women and Sustainable Development in Africa. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 1995. xyi203p.
ASU MAIN STACKS HD6073.A29 A348 1995.

Guides, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries: 

From Farm--To Family (Microform) The North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Raleigh: The Department, 1994. (5p): i11,; 22cm.

North Carolina Agriculture: From the Mountains to The Sea. [S.1.]: North Carolina Association of County Agricultural Agents, 1988. 1-143.
ASU REFERENCE S451.N8 N59 1988xc.2.

Schapsmeier, Edward L. Encyclopedia of American Agricultural History. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1975. 26.

World Atlas of Agriculture; Under the aegis of the International Association of Agricultural Economists. Monographs edited by the Committee for the World Atlas of Agriculture. Nouara, Istituto Geografico De Agostini [1969-1976]/ 45. 58.

Abramson, Rudy & Haskell, Jean, Ed.. Encylcopedia of Appalachia. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006.

Katz, Solomon H. Ed. Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2003. 3 vols.


Alan, M. Fusonie. Heritage of American Agriculture: A Bibliography of Pre-1860 Imprints. Beltsville, Md.: National Agricultural Library. U.S. Dept; of Agriculture, 1975. 53, 55, 56, 64,66, 69 and 70. ASU GOVT US A17.17: 98

Everett E. Edwards. References on the Mountaineers of the Southern Appalachians. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture Library, 1935. 25-30. ASU APP COLL STACK Z1251.A7 E28 1935a.

Glenna, Horne Graves. A Selected Bibliography on Agriculture and Modernization Relating to the Appalachian South. Lexington, KY: Compiled by Glenna, Horne Graves, 1988. 6 leaves. ASU APP COLL STACK Z5075.U6 A6 1988b.

Kimberly J. Reda and Burton O. Robert Jr. A List of References Related to Small Farms and Family Farms. Morgantown: Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, West Virginia University, 1984. 1-16. ASU APP COLL STACK Z5074. F25 R42 1984.

Lawani, S.M. Farming Systems in Africa: A Working Bibliography, 1930-1978. Boston: G.K. Hall, C1979. 3-213 ASU MAIN STACKS Z5075.A4 L38

Schlebecker, John T.Bibliography of Books and Pamphlets on the History of Agriculture in the United States, 1607-1967. Santa Barbara, CA: American Bibliographical Center-clio, 1969. 303, 348. ASU REFERENCE Z5075.U5 S28

Abstracts and Indices: 


AGRICOLA. Online database. Biology and Life Sciences. Dates Covered: 1970-.

Biological and Agricultural Index. New York, H.W. Wilson Co. Y. 26 cm. Annual LIB. HAS: Bound: y. 19-1964/1965-. ASU Reference Indexes TI.A68.

ESS Research Abstracts/Economics, Statistics, and Cooperative Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, D.C.: The Service, -1980.
V.; 28cm. Monthly. LIB. HAS: Paper: 980/1, 980/6,7/
WCU GOVT (US) A105.25/2


Agricultural Chartbook: United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, D.C.: The Department: Supt of DOCS., U.S. G.P.O. distributer, 19850v.: iII., chants; 28cm. Annual.
AUS GOVT US A1.76/2: 1988.0

American Journal of Agricultural Economics. St. Paul, MN, etc. American Agricultural Economic Association. V. 23-26 cm. Five numbers a year. LIB HAS: Bound: v.55-1973-ASU PERIODICALS.

Agricultural Review. Raleigh: North Carolina Dept. of Agriculture, 1926-. v.: iII; 41cm. Semimonthly. LIB. HAS: Microfiche: v.63 no.13-

The Cultivator: An Information Bulletin of the Agricultural Safety and Health Division. Raleigh, NC: The Division, 1995. V.: iII.; 36cm. Irregular. UNCA NC DOC L6 607: M64.

Goodness Grows In North Carolina update (Microform). Raleigh, N.C.: N.C. Dept. Of Agriculture, Marketing Division, 1991. V.: ill.; 28cm. Quarterly. LIB. HAS: Microfiche: v.1 no.1- ASU MICROFORM NC A9 7: g65.

Other Sources: 

Schrimper, Ronald A. Changes in the Number and Characteristics of Farms in North Carolina (Microform). Raleigh, NC: Dept of Agricultural and Resource Economics, North Carolina State University, 1997. I, 37p.: iII., map; 28cm.
ASU MICROFORM NC G51 103: A67 14.

Walden, M.L. The Importance of Agribusiness in North Carolina Counties (Microform). Raleigh, NC.: Dept. Of Agricultural and Resource Economics, North Carolina State University, 1994. 32p.: Maps; 28cm.
ASU MICROFORM NC G51 103: A67 9.

Compiled by: 

Compiler: NGA Joseph Timah, 22 October 1998

Updated by: 

Updated by: Seaton Tarrant, 7 October 2008